So it was led that in the history to the accomplishment of great discoveries often leads a chain of accidents. It was as a result of a banal coincidence that the first cars appeared.
But the spring drive of the Italian did not inspireconfidence in the reliability of the mechanism. Work on the creation of more advanced models did not stop. And the next discovery was the invention of the Russian mechanic Polzunov steam automatic machine. The machine itself did not move, but it was able to convert the energy of the fuel into thermal energy, which, in turn, contributed to the process of vaporization in the boiler. And the steam could be used at your discretion. On the basis of the Polzunov steam engine, the French inventor N. Cunho created a self-propelled wagon. It was used as a vehicle for the transportation of guns. Wagons with a steam installation by weight and size could compete with modern trucks. What was worth only the weight of fuel and water, necessary for its movement. With such a mass, the speed of the first car barely reached 4 km / h.
So the history of the automotive industry would revolvearound the steam engine, if Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz did not create a gasoline engine. Of course, it would be unfair to fully attribute these two great people to the glory of the invention of an ICE. It is unfair to the other 400 co-authors, among whom was engineer Nicholas Otto, who received a patent for an internal combustion engine.
The first cars of Karl Benz werethree-wheeled double crew. Instead of horses, they were driven by a gasoline engine with water cooling. The engine was located in a horizontal position above the rear axle. The torque was transmitted to the axle by means of two chain and one belt drive. To start the engine, the designer installed a galvanic battery. Despite the fact that the frame of the car consisted of metal tubes and was very fragile, and the maximum speed that the driver could count on did not exceed 16 km / h, this was a tangible progress in the history of engineering. It was these carriages that later enabled designers to create high-speed modern cars.