What organizations can be considered public associations
Public associations is a voluntary association established by lawcitizens who have common interests, spiritual and other non-material needs. The bodies representing the state power and bodies exercising local self-government can not establish, become members and participants in such associations.
The right to establish public associations receive as legal entities representingvarious social associations, as well as physical associations, which, having convened a meeting or congress, elect governing, controlling and auditing bodies, and also approve the charter. Members of such an association may become on a voluntary basis other public unions, individuals who have filed an application or have issued other necessary documents. Freedom of association guarantees the principle of voluntariness in the institution and activities public associations. None of the citizens can be coerced into joining these organizations or staying in them.
Citizens are also granted the following rights in the creation of public associations:
- establish them without obtaining prior authorization from local and state bodies;
- to join them in compliance with the adopted charter.
Created public associations you can register, while obtaining the rights granted to a legal entity, and you can operate without registration, without being a legal entity.
Forms of public associations - organizational and legal
Today public associations of Russia are represented by such legal and organizational forms:
self - activity body.
As political public associations such forms as public organization and movement act.
What public associations function in the Russian Federation
Currently, such public associations of Russia, which are represented by local, regional, interregional and all-Russian associations.
All-Russian associations carry out work in the territory belonging to more than half of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and created representative offices, branches, offices or organizations there.
Inter-regional are such associations that operate in a territory belonging to less than half of the subjects of the federation and opened representative offices, branches, offices or organizations there.
Regional associations are considered regional, performing their functions on the territory of one of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
Local associations are those whose activities are distributed within the territory subordinate to the bodies exercising local self-government.
On the basis of what relations of public associations and the government
From the fact, in what relationship are state and public associations, the level democratic power. If public associations are provided with free functioning, independence and state bodies cooperate with them, such a state can be considered democratic.
Relations between the state and publicassociations is characterized by bilateral cooperation. On the one hand, the state establishes the rights granted to public associations, the scope of their activities and powers. In turn, associations participate in the life of the state, defining its policies and controlling the work of various bodies. Public organizations in the Russian Federation are active participants in election campaigns, they also organize and conduct demonstrations, rallies, street processions.
There are three key areas in which they cooperate state and public associations:
1) the stateprovides public associations with information on the state of affairs in various areas of public life, as well as on those decisions that are taken by state bodies;
2) cooperationstate and associations in making decisions related to the election campaign, protection of health, the environment, labor, public order, historical monuments, architecture and culture and under;
3) joint activities in the field of lawmaking and lawmaking.
The functioning of public organizations may be suspended as a result of self-dissolution or in connection with a court decision.