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Logistics and Supply Chain Management: a description, functions and features

Many people call the work of a logist a profession of the 21st century. What is the reason for this? Who is the logistician and what functions does it perform? This will be discussed later.

Who is a logistician?

Deliver the right products from one point toanother according to the appointed time frame is a very important task. It is even more important to keep the goods unharmed. It is such an expert as a logistics man who manages the supply chains and controls the effective transportation and delivery of the required products. It should be noted right away that any trade in logistics is considered very difficult and difficult. So, to become a quality specialist in the field of supply management, it is necessary to have a very developed thinking, to know foreign languages, to have excellent organizational skills. It is not so simple to follow a large number of different kinds of goods, and to do it qualitatively - even more so.

Where should a person learn to getthe ability to work as a logistics manager and manage supply chains? What are the duties of the specialists considered? This will be discussed later.

Necessary for work education

In the field of logistics, you can work with both higher and secondary education. However, the number of duties, rights, as well as labor remuneration in this case will be significantly different.

supply chain management

A person with an average professionaleducation, is able to work only as an assistant to a logistician or a manager. To carry out a full-fledged management of supply chains to people who did not graduate from university, if it succeeds, then with great difficulty. It is also worth noting that not everywhere there are jobs for people who do not have higher education. Because of the narrow focus, and also due to a number of other factors, it is not so easy to get a job for a person who has only a secondary education.

In a completely different way things are with individuals, after allhaving higher education. Thus, people who graduated from economic institutions of higher education in the relevant specialty have the right to get a job at any free job. Perhaps, it is necessary to allocate the basic educational institutions where it is possible to receive necessary formation. This is the Higher School of Economics (in Moscow on the Lubyanka), MIIT, MADI and the famous St. Petersburg State University. In any of these universities there is a specialty called "Logistics and Supply Chain Management".

What should a logist know?

As already mentioned above, a specialist in the field oflogistics must have a very large amount of knowledge. What disciplines are required to know the worker qualitatively? Here are just a few of them:

  • Fundamentals of economic and mathematical methods.
  • The fundamentals of supply logistics, distribution, production, warehousing, etc.
  • Management of logistics projects.
  • Control over transportation, unloading and loading operations.
  • Fundamentals of information systems and technologies.
  • Fundamentals of Economics.
  • Basics of supply planning.
  • Risk management in the field of logistics.
  • Control over logistics systems and much more.

Specialist, on whose shoulders lies the managementsupply chains, must know really a lot of things. Moreover, the employee in the field of logistics is also obliged to constantly improve and supplement his knowledge. This is due to the fact that the technology is constantly being modernized, and therefore it will hardly be possible to work for a few decades with university knowledge alone.

Required skills for work

Undoubtedly, knowledge alone for implementationits logistic functions will not be enough. A specialist whose tasks includes logistics management of supply chains must also have certain skills, skills and character traits.

logistics and supply chain management

What exactly can be distinguished here?

  • Knowledge of several foreign languages. It is quite obvious that in the work connected with transportation, one can not do without negotiations with foreign citizens; especially if the company is foreign.
  • Communication skills. To know several languages ​​is completely inadequate, it is also necessary to be able to correctly express your thoughts and requirements. It also applies to the native language. A quality specialist simply must have a competent, clear and clear speech.
  • Work with software. In the age of computer technology, you simply can not do without the skills to correctly handle programs. This is especially true for employees whose functions are management of logistics, supply chains, transportation, and so on.

It is also worth noting that a quality specialist must also have such character traits as stress resistance, high working capacity, organizational functions, and so on.

Duties of the logistician

As already mentioned, the scope of logistics is incredibleis extensive. Here a large number of employees work, performing a variety of functions. However, there is still a possibility to identify the most generalized responsibilities.

logistics management of supply chains

So, it is worth noting that in the professional environment in question the employees are assigned the following duties:

  • Work with different kinds of people. This includes customers, suppliers, operators, and so on.
  • Work with documentation.
  • Planning of orders and deliveries.
  • Negotiations with customs.
  • Inventory management in supply chains.
  • Building routes and much more.

There are a lot of logistic functions. However, everything depends, basically, on the existing level and skill level.

Where can I work?

Almost no problems should arise fromgraduate of an educational institution with a degree in Logistics and Supply Chain Management. The universities often offer the student the options for vacancies. And in connection with the fact that the profession in question today is incredibly relevant and in demand, a person with a proper education will simply have a lot of different employment opportunities.

inventory management in supply chains

And yet, where exactly can the specialist in question work? You can distinguish:

  • transport companies (Russian Railways, various airlines, etc.);
  • cargo handling;
  • customs services;
  • industrial enterprises and many other places.

Supply chain management and logistics are neededpractically at every production enterprise. And this is a tremendous advantage of this sphere: a person who wants to link his life with the work in question will definitely not have problems with finding a job.

About the career of a logistician

What can be said about the career of thespecialist? As in any other sphere of work, it is possible to earn further education only by accumulating proper experience and improving working skills.

logistics management of supply chains

However, in the sphere of supply chain managementthere is one important feature. In short, it is that there is a lot of room for so-called self-improvement here. Thus, a specialist can intensively study new foreign languages, develop his own specialized programs, improve his communication skills, bring up automatic work with documentation, etc. Thanks to all this, almost any specialist who does not even have higher education and who works as an assistant will be able to reach professional heights.

About the rights and responsibility of the logistician

A specialist in logistics, like any otheremployee, has certain professional rights. What exactly can be distinguished here? Here is what the special job description of the employee fixes:

  • the right to all social guarantees and benefits established by the state;
  • the right to timely payment of salaries;
  • the right to demand from the authorities all the necessary documentation for the work;
  • the right to propose ideas and proposals to the management for improving the work of the organization;
  • the right to refuse to perform work in the event of obvious violations that lead to a lack of optimal working conditions;
  • the right to improve their qualifications;
  • the right to involve specialists from other professional fields to provide the necessary assistance (but on the basis of agreement with the authorities).

supply chain management concept

Thus, a fairly wide range of rightsis assigned to a specialist who has the responsibility of managing supply chains. At the enterprise, however, logisticians also have a large share of responsibility for all actions performed. In particular, it is worth highlighting that the employee is liable:

  • for offenses or crimes committed in the workplace;
  • for a complete failure to perform or improperly performing their own official duties;
  • for staying in the workplace while intoxicated;
  • for violation of established safety rules.

Pros and cons of the profession

The logistics profession has both a number of advantages and a number of shortcomings. What are the advantages of working? This includes, of course:

  • The relevance and relevance of the profession.
  • High income.
  • The opportunity to practice in conversations in a foreign language.
  • Continuous self-improvement.

supply chain management systems

Perhaps, the profession has other advantages. Above, only the most basic merits were mentioned. And what are some drawbacks?

  • Quite dense load, and as a result - stress.
  • Work in the industrial zone (of course, you can find work in a clean office, but the concept of supply chain management is built so that the profession is practically inseparable from production).

The advantages of the profession, of course, more. And this is not surprising: logistics is a truly prestigious and important sphere.

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