A modern gardener or a dacha without land plowing simply can not do. The soil needs proper care, and for this she thanks a generous harvest.
The use of modern mechanized means allows performing soil cultivation much faster and easier. The forklift and shovel were replaced by productive modern machinery.
Plowing of the ground by a tractor is much morefaster, and in the midst of spring work, as a rule, every day counts, since the soil quickly dries up after the snow falls. In this period it is very important not to miss the time of its processing. Early treatment of the soil with a tractor can lead to rather adverse consequences - the earth will dry hard and stony after drying. Delaying the same processing time will lead to evaporation and blowing out of moisture, which will negatively affect the germination of crops, as there will be a lack of moisture.
Plowing the earth with a tractor is loosening the toplayer of soil in order to improve its fertility. Autumn plowing under the winter is performed to saturate the soil with oxygen, to ensure the freezing of weeds, as well as the destruction of underground passages of rodents. Previously, peasants called it plowland plowing, since the land was cultivated when the first frosts came, that is, when it was so cold. On the surface, along with lumps of earth, there are larvae of various pests that die from the cold, and the underground passages of rodents are destroyed. In addition, loose soil absorbs moisture much better, and this in the next season will positively affect fertility. And in order for the result to be even better, fertilizing is recommended during plowing.
In the summer or in the spring, plowing is donecutter with a tractor to loosen the soil before planting. The depth of arable work, as a rule, depends on the crops that will be sown in this area. Roots require deeper plowing, and for cereal plants it is not needed.
Proper plowing of the land by the tractor will help not only to loosen the soil, but also to prevent erosion processes, salting.
The advantages of soil cultivation by a tractor include:
Despite many obvious advantages of usingit is advisable to use the tractor not at all sites, since after mechanized plowing it is necessary to carry out harrowing. In addition, the use of technology in weeded areas leads to even more clogging, because plowing is carried out in a dump way and weed seeds are spreading around the site. That is why, before using the tractor on your site, you need to consider all the factors listed.
The cost of plowing soil depends on the geometry andthe area of the site, as well as the type of machinery used, whether it is a motorbike or a tractor. By the way, the choice of machinery for arable work requires a certain amount of experience - the use of overly heavy machinery will only scrape the earth, so to speak, too light can not cope with the task.
The tractor with the plow is endowed with great power,Therefore, it can be used on large land plots. Especially beneficial is the plowing of the land by a tractor (the price for a hundred tons is an average of 1,500 rubles.) If in the virgin land, that is, soil that has not been dug for many years.
Basic tillage includes various types of plowing (plow with a blade, a plowless plow, planar cutters), cultivation, harrowing.
Plowing with a tractor provides loosening withsimultaneous laying of plant remains and fertilizers (manure, peat, humus). For this, different plows are used, differing in the shape of the blade. It is from the shape of the plow largely depends loosening, wrapping the arable layer of the earth, crumbling.
When using a non-plowing plow,plowing the soil to a depth of 30 cm without wrapping the seam. Such deep plowing experts recommend conducting every 3 or 4 years, especially in the most arid areas. This will help to avoid loss of moisture.
To enrich the soil with organic fertilizers in the gaps, it is treated with disk choppers, which rids the earth of weeds, loosens the top layer of soil, increases yield.
In the cultural plowing carried out by a plow withskimmer, there are advantages. It makes it possible to separate the upper and lower layers of soil, as a result, virtually all weeds are destroyed, as all plant remains, seeds and roots are embedded deep into the plowing.