Careful parents often reflect on the fact,how to deal with their babies correctly. What methods to choose, how to conduct the lessons themselves, how much should they continue so that the child does not get tired? These and other questions worry parents, make them study many books on the upbringing and development of children. This article will be interesting for both young mothers and fathers, as well as kindergarten teachers who work with children 2-3 years.
Developmental activities for children 2 years, given in this article, are constructed in such a way as to facilitate the task to parents and teachers as much as possible in the choice of constructive methods.
In children during this period, the leadingsubject-manipulative activity, which gradually gives way to gaming. However, the game is not yet plot-role, but has the character of imitation of an adult: profession, occupation, behavior.
For example, a boy at this age is very willingto resemble his father, because he involuntarily copies his behavior, his manner of speaking. The girl will try in every possible way to portray the ideal of femininity, for which, without a doubt, her mother is. She can begin to "paint", try on my mother's dress, shoes.
Lessons for a 2-year-old child mustbuild on mutual trust and be a continuation of the game. It should be remembered that children are very attracted to the world of adults, it seems to them perfect and mysterious. It is necessary to try as long as possible not to destroy this beautiful illusion, this innocent idea of life, fanned by purity and simplicity.
This question is no less significant than the previous one. It is important not only to choose the right direction of activity, but also to manage to organize activities in order to make the child interested.
Developmental activities for a 2-year-old child are best conducted in an atmosphere of mutual interest in the game process.
What does it mean?When you are engaged with a child, there must be silence around. No foreign noise should not interfere: turn off the TV, go away from the computer, wait until dinner is prepared. Do not try to deal with the child when the guests in the house - this is a very big distraction, which is not so easy to pass. Yes, and you yourself could not fully engage in such conditions, right? Children have the same attention more unstable, the baby is easily distracted.
Recently, a large number of interactive toys have appeared, ranging from cute meowing cats, barking dogs and ending with the original Furby.
Choose those toys that are not justentertain the baby, will be able to occupy it for a while, but also bring him tangible benefits. For example, you can buy an original designer or plasticine with figures that will help develop creative imagination. Perhaps, it is worth to abandon the purchase of a large number of the same "pishchalkov", which are too expensive in price and do not give anything to the child, except for short-term entertainment.
Classes with children 1-2 years may be accompanied bysome interactive toys provided that they are aimed at the development of cognitive processes: memory, thinking, attention, imagination, speech. Otherwise, they are practically useless.
Educational activities for children 2 years of age are compulsoryshould include elements of familiarization and fixation with various properties and characteristics of the figure: color, shape, size. For this purpose, the collection of pyramids, the coloring of pictures, the construction of various "towers" and "houses" will be fine. When a child picks up a cube, ask him to determine what color it is. Then take another cube and ask to compare which cube is bigger. The class perfectly develops the ability to think analytically, to compare.
Collecting color mosaic as bestcontributes to the development of shallow sensory and thinking. It is very good if classes for children of 2-3 years include developmental elements. Children quietly learn for themselves in the game, learn new things. In addition, all the figures of the mosaic are made in the original style, they are bright, colorful, which will allow the child to deal with them for hours on their own.
Developing classes for children of 2-3 years can notdo without the subject-role plot. Children are very fond of playing in various professions, losing and trying on a variety of roles. The profession of a hairdresser especially attracts girls, but even boys sometimes want to try themselves in this interesting business. In kindergarten there is usually a separate barber's corner, in which children can make dolls' hairstyles. Some babies are very successful at this.
Occupation in the corner of the hairdresser is better to hold,armed with all the necessary attributes for a full-fledged haircut: scissors, combs, toy hair varnish (you can take an empty jar from under the varnish for styling). Only then the children will be really interesting to play.
Perhaps this is one of the most popular children's gamesperiod of 2-3 years. In the kindergarten on this occasion there are not only special corners, but also equipment: a couch on which the doll is put, a white robe, a cap, a changing table, a storage shelf for medical items, a thermometer, boxes with "tablets", toy mustard.
How to play with the child? We take a bear or a doll in hands, we lean against the ear. We say to the child: "Oh, the bear fell ill, he just said in my ear. His neck hurts. How will we treat the bear? "With the right approach, the child will immediately have many ideas on how to alleviate the" suffering "of the bear.
Perhaps this is not a game at all, but the most curiousan occupation from which children in most cases do not refuse, but remain delighted. If you cook in the kitchen, and the child at this time is hanging around the room without any work, call him to you and offer to help you. It's great, if you can give the child a small piece of dough - let him blind cake or a bagel. He himself then will be pleased to see his "work" in the finished form.
Small children can be excellent assistants in cleaning: give him a rag, let him wash the dust off furniture and household appliances. And you feel better, and the child accustoms to responsibility.
Many parents and teachers believe that developing classes for children 2 years should notlimited only to the standard set of games. Time does not stand still, information technology develops with unlimited speed, so children have the opportunity to learn the world through a computer.
However, it is worth noting that you do not need thisespecially get involved: children easily get used to this kind of activity and then very reluctantly switch to other activities. If you familiarize the child with computer games, then they should be developing, contributing to the stimulation of thought processes, but not to be aimed at entertainment. To be at the computer such a crumb can be no more than 10-15 minutes a day. Do not practice more than once or twice a week.
Thus, developmental activities for children 2years are very diverse. You can choose for every taste. It is better if you introduce the child to all household chores gradually, while not forgetting to pay special attention to the age-appropriate games.
Children do not like monotony, so try to switch the child from one activity to another as often as possible.