One of the main tasks of preschool education- to teach children to realize that people are a biological species that lives on the planet on an equal basis with others, no less significant. The child must learn: nature must be guarded because it is self-valuable. A man without it can not exist, but she can without it.
Ecological education of preschool childrenage includes the formation of a positive attitude towards nature. The child is instilled with love for the world around him, he is taught to take care of everything living. He also receives basic environmental knowledge.
During the first seven years of life in the childthere is the formation of self-consciousness: it identifies itself as an independent unit, gradually realizes its place among close and simply familiar people, begins to orient in the surrounding world, isolates its values. It is at this time that the foundations of the future personality are laid, including the relation to nature. With the help of adults, the child realizes it as a common value for all people.
Carrying out environmental education is bestadhere to an integrated approach. This is the relationship between research, visual and theatrical activities, music, literature, play, physical culture, etc. That is, the ecologization of various activities of children is carried out.
Integrative approach to implementationecological education of preschool children is important because it is at this stage of life that the period of its intensive development and rapid growth, the continuous improvement of mental and physical capabilities, is necessary.
The tree also lives a life
Preschoolers need to be introduced to the developmentanimals and plants, their seasonal features in the process of life. This will help the child understand the features of the development of the surrounding world. It's not enough just to say: "Cutting a tree is a bad thing." We need to let him know why this is so.
Man is not master
It is also important to bring up in children the feeling thatpeople are not masters of nature, who are allowed to act as they want. Let them understand what is part of it. Show the children examples of disgusting, proprietary, consumer behavior of people and publicly condemn the perpetrators of this.
Why so early
Begin to give ecological education exactly inpreschool age is necessary because during this period the children are very emotional and easily susceptible to the suggestion of adults. Only preschoolers will ask you a lot of questions about animals and plants, and also be surprised by the phenomena of nature. For young children, animals are friends, they empathize with them and sympathize. It is these feelings that need to be developed in them.
Do not let the children get bored
Classes should be very emotional andrichly. Ecological education should not be boring. Children need to be constantly supported. To increase the effect can be involved in the training of characters from fairy tales. Associative thinking will help to better understand the lessons.
Professionals advise to connect ecologicaleducation with aesthetic. It is necessary to educate children about good ideas about the world. For example, you can draw, cut out figures from paper, do stucco work - to get a more vivid picture of nature.
Let the child mold while explaining the lessonstudied objects: trees, different animals or even our planet. Drawing, the preschooler will also receive special knowledge that will help him to learn a lesson. In addition, thanks to such studies, he learns about the color, form of other features of the student.
Music is of great importance for developmentabilities to emotional perception by children of the surrounding world. Indeed, it is not without reason that the greatest composers of past centuries and modern times devoted a lot of space to the theme of nature in their work. We all know the famous cycles of Tchaikovsky and Vivaldi. With the help of music, their authors draw poetic, vivid and colorful pictures of nature.
The next stage is the ecological education of schoolchildren. Basically, it should be implemented by teachers with appropriate education. But, still do not forget about the role of parents.