The main task of amniotic fluid isensuring the life of the baby: protection from external factors and saturation with useful substances. Recently, such problems as low blood pressure in pregnancy have become more common. This means that the amniotic sac contains an insufficient amount of liquid.
In late pregnancy, amniotic fluidconstantly updated: every three hours, there is already a new liquid. The kid eats this water, drinking almost 4 liters during the day. Also, thanks to the amniotic fluid, the body is cleansed of the products of the fetus, transporting them through special channels.
Malignant in pregnancy is conventionally divided into:
If the volume of amniotic fluid does not exceed the floorliter, we can talk about pronounced infertility. There is a special indicator designed to measure the norm, it is called the amniotic fluid index or abbreviated TOI. According to this indicator, expressed aridity suggests that the index does not exceed 2 centimeters.
In a situation where the volume of amniotic fluidsignificantly reduced, but the index of the amniotic fluid reaches 5 centimeters and above, it is customary to record moderate malnutrition. If it was found before the third trimester, then nothing terrible happens and there is nothing to be afraid of. Just need to conduct an additional examination, you can even in another clinic, then find out the causes of this problem and take measures to eliminate them.
The causes of malnutrition during pregnancy are different,so identifying them can be difficult. The most common cause is any infectious disease transferred by a future mummy or a malfunction in the urinary system. Do not be surprised that there was water scarcity during pregnancy, if a woman has not given up smoking, drinking alcohol or, worse yet, narcotic drugs. Toxicosis in later periods or a delayed pregnancy are sometimes the causes of amniotic fluid deficiency.
In rare cases, hypochlorous pregnancyoccurs in women bearing odnoyaytsovuyu twins. Due to a violation in the blood circulation system, one fetus is diagnosed with polyhydramnios, while the other has a pronounced lack of amniotic fluid.
Malnutrition during pregnancy: symptoms.
If the volume of amniotic fluid is extremely small, thenthe future mother will feel even the slightest stirring of the fetus, while experiencing a palpable pain. Symptoms of malnutrition also include feelings of weakness, heaviness in the abdomen, severe nausea and dry mouth.
Malchicism has a very negative effect on developmentfetus and can lead to miscarriage. A small amount of liquid does not allow the baby to move freely, in addition, any of his careless movement can lead to injury. After all, the fruit was protected before and surrounded by a kind of "water pillow". As a consequence, the embryo stops moving, which often leads to disruption of the functions of the spine and hip joint. At a minimum, children are born with poor health and low weight, often with physical disabilities.
To prevent such consequences, aconsult a doctor who will check the size of the uterus for the current time. It is necessary to conduct additional ultrasound examination, to study the condition of the fetus and its limited movement with cardiotography.
After establishing the reasons for lack of water, the doctor in the first placethe queue takes actions aimed at eliminating the source. Only after this are prescribed drugs that improve blood flow between the placenta and the fetus, contributing to the development of amniotic fluid. Regular monitoring of the condition of the pregnant woman and the pod is carried out.