Everyone knows that to teach and develop a childfrom the diaper, that is, from the youngest age. However, it is still most interesting to do this with children who are already at least 3-5 years old. That is why in this article I want to talk about how classes can be built in kindergarten and what subjects can be chosen for this.
It is always necessary to teach a child and everything - this thesisno one will doubt. However, it is better to do all this in a complex, giving the kids as much knowledge as possible, using one theme. That is why I want to say that the most popular today is the integrated and integrated classes in the kindergarten, which are designed to immediately teach the child several important aspects of life or give knowledge from different areas of life. Subjects in this case can be completely different, but always understandable and interesting carapaces.
So, what is integrated learning inkindergarten? This training of toddlers, which is aimed at revealing the whole essence of this topic through various activities. Comprehensive same occupation is similar in its purpose, but its goal is to consistently study the nuances of one subject, which subsequently forms one big new picture of knowledge. However, it is worthwhile to pay attention to the fact that the positive result in these sessions will be achieved only when their structure is clearly thought out, and the material will be accessible for understanding a child of a certain age.
It is worth mentioning that complex andintegrated classes in kindergarten do not have age limits and restrictions, they are available for work with both the nursery group and the oldest, preschool. If the educator can correctly structure the process of the lesson, children of any age will gladly accept the material and in the form of a game they will receive new knowledge for themselves. However, when planning such a lesson, it is important for the educator to observe the following recommendations:
The themes of classes inkindergarten. And in order to decide on them, the educator should just think carefully about what is relevant at the moment or whether the kids are most interested in them. If it's autumn - you can study the leaves, if winter - choose a New Year theme. However, the selected topic can consist of a single concept, that is, the name of a particular animal or product, or a generalized one, for example, "forest" (which includes trees, animals, etc.) or "shop" (goods, buyer-seller, money, price, etc.).
So, what can you teach the kids, studyingthis subject. The first is the geometric forms. Leaflets come with corners, round, oval. You can also analyze the thickness, necessarily - the color. In this case, you can tell the child that there are leaves of trees, bushes, plants (different kinds of flora). Children can also be told that there are healer plants that can be used directly during a walk (for example, a plantain with a bleeding wound), as well as predator plants that can harm the health. After that, you can make an application from the leaves collected on the street or draw a picture of the leaf you like.
As already mentioned above, developmental activitiesfor children can be seasonal. For example, why not close to the new year to conduct an excellent integrated lesson called "Christmas tree"? So, here first of all it is necessary to study the shape, the color of the given plant, to determine the special characteristics (smell, prickly needles). In this case, the children can be told that there are different kinds of coniferous trees - all these are the relatives of the Christmas tree. From practical lessons: you can make a tree of three cones of green paper, you can draw it, fashion it. The ecological moment will be obligatory: "Why the Christmas trees are sad after the New Year".
What other topic can I choose for the DOW class? And why not pay attention to the common snail? First of all, again, we are considering its interesting form, the definition of color. Also here you can tell the guys about the concept of speed: the snail is slow, the hare is fast. Practical lesson: Paint on the asphalt to draw a snail. For the children of older kindergarten groups, you can play a game by the classics type, when in the cochlea you draw squares, on which you need to jump to the center, without stepping on the drawn stripes.
It is worth mentioning that open classes in the Dow- an excellent idea to show in practice how relevant and valuable are the integrated and integrated lessons. For this you can think over the most interesting topic, which at the moment will be relevant. It is better if the classes on a particular topic are conducted in an appropriate atmosphere: the study of nature - on the street, physical exercises - in the gym, etc. It should be said that it is necessary during such exercises (both simple and indicative) should be used visual material, which will fully illustrate everything said by the tutor. After all, it is worth remembering that children perceive information from different sides: audially (listen), visually (see), tactile (touch).