Fans of home oases know that palm house plants are an ornament of a dwelling. They create an atmosphere of uniqueness and mystery of the house.
Care for the palm tree.
At home, this procedure does not require something special and complex, but knowing how to do it rightly does not interfere.
Most species of palms are requiredspaciousness. Therefore, the room should be large and well-lit. Optimal option for cultivation will be a bright place in the living room with scattered light.
Proper care for a palm tree at homerequires you to take into account that the plants do not tolerate cold and drafts, so you can not put them on a cold floor or a window sill in any case. Optimal room temperature for growing - from 14 to 22 C. Care is required when ventilating the room in the winter to prevent drafts.
Palms are plants that love moisture, so theirwatering has some specific features: in summer, this procedure should be carried out daily, and in winter - much less often. In this case it is desirable to use water that has stood for some time. Water from the water pipe, used for irrigation, often differs rigidity, so it is necessary to change the top layer of the earth once a year to remove the accumulated salts. The soil of a palm plant should not be dry. It is required to maintain its humidity.
When watering it is necessary to take into account the temperatureair: if the palm tree is in a cold room in winter (up to 10 C), then it is desirable to water it as little as possible. It is better in this case, the plant to spray. In general, systematic and regular spraying is another feature of palm care. It is advisable to do this with warm water from one and the second side of the sheet. Spraying in summer should be carried out no more than 3 times a week, in winter - once every six to seven days. When the plants dry up, the leaves of the palm tree can turn yellow. They need to be cut so that a thin band of dried leaves remains over the living tissue. The leaves turn yellow at the dryness of the air, and the watering of the plant in this case may be quite sufficient. To increase air humidity, in addition to spraying, you can place a container with water near the palm plant.
As for the transplant, it should be taken into account,that a young palm tree should be transplanted every year, an adult one on average once every few years (two to four years). The optimal time for transplantation, both in general and for other plants, is spring. Roots damaged and rotting are removed. It is advisable in the process not to damage the healthy roots, because otherwise they will just wither away. It is important: the transplant must be performed with the preservation of a whole earth coma at the root. Young plants are planted in light soils, later in the transplant soil of sod species is added. When selecting a pot, it should be taken into account that it should not be low, and for some species of palm (for example, date) it is desirable to choose a pot of a narrow form. It is also necessary to provide a good drainage layer (this may be pebbles, preferably large pebbles, or stones with sand). When planting or transplanting palm-grown plants, it is worth adding clay to the soil.
Caring for a palm tree at home assumesand top dressing of this amazing plant. In the summer, fertilizing is done approximately once a week and a half, in winter - less often (every five to six days). After this, it is required to loosen the soil to ensure air access to the roots.
Proper care for a palm tree at homewill make the plant beautiful and decorative, and the living room will be refined and exotic, which will please the surrounding and guests of the house and give them a good mood.