To date, the stroke is verya common phenomenon. In Russia, and annually there are about half a million cases of stroke of varying severity, and in about half of them a person loses his legal capacity. The further life of such people largely depends on what kind of recovery measures will be carried out in the subsequent period after discharge from the hospital, but, unfortunately, it is not so easy to get to rehabilitation in a medical institution. In the overwhelming majority of cases, patients after a stroke who do not need intensive care are discharged from the hospital for 21 days, and free medical assistance ends here: the patient goes home under the supervision of a district neurologist, and relatives, if they can not turn to paid specialists, will most likely be forced care for a stroke at home.
How soon the patient will be able to restorethe disturbed functions, in many respects depends on how the rehabilitation after a stroke will take place. At home, it is possible to perform some procedures, but this requires courage and readiness for the difficulties not only of the patient himself, but also of his relatives. Most often, rehabilitation after a stroke at home reduces to caring for the patient, meeting his basic needs, preventing skin diseases. This is understandable: for relatives of such a person, even these responsibilities are very difficult, what can we say about the procedures that should help restore activity. Such lessons should be taken for several hours daily. Even with the strong will of the patient and the desire to return to active life and active help of relatives as soon as possible, this can take years. In addition to gymnastics, exercises to restore speech and develop lost skills, it is desirable to add there massage, physiotherapy, reflexology. Especially intensive classes should be in the first few months after a stroke. Rehabilitation after a stroke at home is hard work, but in many cases it brings its results, and, therefore, it's worth it. To date, there are good books on how rehabilitation should be carried out after a stroke at home, which tells what and how to do in order for a person to return to normal life more quickly, and if it is not possible to contact a few incoming specialists, you can use them, but it's best to contact the doctors.
First of all, rehabilitation after a stroke inhome conditions require certain changes in the environment. In the room where the patient is, the air temperature should be higher than in other rooms, since a person with limited motor activity freezes faster. The bed should stand in such a way that access to it can be carried out from all sides. The mattress should be high-quality, moderately rigid and necessarily equal. It is best to buy a new one. The patient should be able to call at any time to help, therefore, especially in case of violation of the speech function, it is necessary to provide such an opportunity, for example, by a bell or bell. The patient's room should be ventilated several times a day.
After the patient starts to get up, tobeds need to put a chair, convenient for it to sit down and get up. This will help prevent bedsores and increase motor activity. When the patient begins to move independently on the apartment, you need to ensure safety wherever he goes. It is necessary to remove things in the passage and pieces of furniture, especially those that have sharp corners, remove all hanging hanging cabinets and shelves, make sure that the floor coverings are snug against the floor so that they can not be stumbled over. The patient will not soon learn to fully own his body, so it is very important that until this moment the safety of the space inside the apartment was maximum - rehabilitation after a stroke at home will be more effective if he does not receive additional injuries.