Often get to remote places of hunting orfishing is almost impossible if you do not have a good boat with a powerful motor. But in our region the season is short, cold comes. And if everything is clear with the boat itself, then what to do with its engine? Leave it in a cold hangar is not at all reasonable! Anyway, if you do not want to lose it working! That's why today we'll talk about how the boat engine is kept for the winter.
It's all about banal corrosion and condensation. Few of the fans of hunting and fishing can afford to build a warm hangar, specially designed for storing the boat, and therefore leave it in the usual boat shed, or in the garage. If winter is issued "non-standard", with temperature changes, a decent amount of condensate may accumulate in the motor. Moisture, hitting the vital parts of the engine, will inevitably do such things that will require expensive and complex repairs.
Simply put, you need to bring the motor to a certainstate. So the preservation of the boat engine for the winter is exactly what is needed. Of course, to ensure the safety of the engine will have to make some effort, because you will need to carry out its maintenance, which is distinguished by some subtleties.
It's no secret that most of our fishermenuse relatively cheap two-stroke engines. They are easy to operate, and a small capacity makes them very popular, in terms of the amount of tax paid. The leaders of this industry are rightfully considered the brands Mercury, Johnson, Suzuki, Honda.
True, over the past three years, due toan incredible increase in the price of "pureblood" Japanese products, the market naturally won numerous Chinese companies. The cost of these motors is much lower, but care for them should be much better, however paradoxical it may seem.
What does the conservation of the outboard motor look like for the winter?on practice? For this, there is no need to disassemble the engine on the cogs and wipe each of its parts with some kind of "drug". Just preservatives are released in the form of sprays. They are conveniently injected into the carburetor and other elements. Let's find out how in practice the two-stroke outboard engine is maintained for the winter.
Take the standard Mercury 3 as an example.3, the design of which is the most typical and typical for most boat engines. Preservative should be injected through the diffuser of the carburetor, from where it gradually flows into the crankcase. True, this requires a little disassemble the engine. To do this, start the motor after adding preservative to it, and then, without waiting for a stop, remove the carburetor and re-inject the spray there.
Important! Removing the fuel hoses for a more "precise" injection of the spray into the combustion chamber is not the best advice, since in this case you will directly violate the basic rules of fire safety. Therefore, we will not give such recommendations.
Although we describe the model Mercury, but the conservation of the Yamaha boat engine for the winter does not differ from this process.
Having done this, several times pull the handlestarter. This is done for the sake of the goal that the turned pistons evenly distribute the preservative on the walls of the cylinder. This is especially important if you are conserving a four-cycle boat engine for the winter. Its design is more complicated, and therefore much more "capricious" with respect to possible problems that have arisen due to improper storage of the mechanism.
After that, twist the candle on its legalplace, and "until the end" it does not need to be twisted, and then put on the cap. In principle, the internal conservation of the engine is completed. But do not forget that the conservation of the outboard motor for the winter involves not only processing its "insides".
Very many owners of motor boats for some reasonforget about the fastening of the motor. As a rule, it is made far from the best metal, and therefore quite quickly begins to rust when stored in inadequate conditions. That this does not happen, all the details must be removed, lubricated, and then stored. But you can do easier, saving your time and energy, and take advantage of the same preservative.
For this, special mixtures of the type "6 in1". If you treat all the motor surfaces with this composition, the metal parts will be reliably protected from corrosion, and the paintwork will not fade and warp from the negative environmental factors. If you operate your boat in sea conditions, then such protection to the engine is simply vital, because, otherwise, the salty sea water will quickly begin to destroy all the most important elements of the boat engine. What else can be done to ensure that the conservation of the boat engine for the winter (it is preferred by all skilled sailors to do it by its own hands) was successful?
Separately, especially thick layer, cover the blockcylinders. In modern engines, in which this part can be manufactured not from the highest quality iron, it also has an increased tendency to corrosion.
However, do not think solely about protectionmetal parts alone. If you arm yourself with a brush and carefully apply a layer of preservative to the insulation of the wires, rubber and plastic parts, this simple operation will save your resource considerably. Again, this is most relevant to those engines that are operated in marine conditions, constantly being exposed to the corrosive effects of sea water.
Once again, we remind the "sailors" of aggressiveeffect of salt on all mechanisms that fall into it. After returning from any sea walk, and not just before conservation, it is highly recommended to flush all available engine parts with clean fresh water. Especially this applies to those cases where the conservation of stationary boat motors is required for the winter. Before putting the engine on winter storage, this process should be approached with all responsibility.
In general, the conservation process on this can beconsider completely complete. It remains only to completely assemble the engine. After this, it is time to prepare the room in which it will be stored throughout the winter period. We draw your attention to the fact that the ideal position for the boat motor is vertical. Keep it, putting it on its side, is not recommended.
If you do not have the ability to storemotor in a vertical position, then its position on its side is allowed, but in this case it must be placed on the side of the tiller. From time to time it still should be put "on the priest".
In the event that you have a dry and warmroom, then the conservation of the boat engine for the winter (Mercury or another model - does not matter) you will not need. You can leave the engine in the same position as it is. Of course, before this, we strongly recommend that you clean it properly and wash it, wipe it dry and, if necessary, protect the exposed surfaces using a preservative spray.
In addition, it is better to remove the motor from the boat,even if you have at your disposal a whole heated hangar, and putting it in some dry place, pre-packed in a durable plastic bag.
In the same cases, when you have a warmroom, but the humidity in it is increased, conservation of a 4-stroke boat engine for the winter (or two-stroke) is still vital. The fact is that in warm conditions, the corrosion processes will go several times faster, and therefore in the spring you can expect an extremely unpleasant surprise.
By the way, when discussing conservation issues, wefor some reason they completely forgot about the problem of oil change in the gearbox. When to drain old and fill new: at the beginning or at the end of the season? The answer is unambiguous - at the end. Why so? It's simple. In the old grease accumulates a huge volume of various oxidizing substances. In principle, every modern motorist knows about this, since only such a lazy person does not know about such "valuable" properties of the present semisynthetic lubricants.
Simply put, the older the oil in the engine, thegreater probability of its insides covered with a layer of corrosion. For the fight with a similar effect, there are different alkaline additives, but in the old lubricant there is practically none. Visually determine the degree of suitability of the oil for the boat engine to its further operation you can not. The conclusion is simple - it is absolutely necessary to replace the lubricants in the autumn, before the start of measures for the conservation of the engine for the winter period.
If your engine model is constructiveprovided the presence of an oil filter, then, of course, it is also replaced with a new one. Of course, here we are talking about exclusively four-stroke models of boat engines, which have two or more cylinders.
But why do we all talk only about holdingconservation? After all, it can push someone to the idea that in the spring the engine can simply fill in gasoline and oil, and swim for fishing! Alas, it's not so simple. And if you follow the path of least resistance, and do not retrain the engine, the consequences can be extremely serious, even until it completely fails.
Of course, we are somewhat exaggerating the colors, but stillsomething must be done. Moreover, it is not necessary to do something particularly difficult. If the motor was stored in a warm room, being installed vertically or in a "reclining" position, you only need to fill the fuel and the engine can be safely started.
While in the first minutes the preservative will not burn out, fromThe exhaust will go strong and black smoke. To be frightened it is not necessary. It will disappear very quickly, immediately after the complete burn-out of the preservative. After that, the engine can be operated in a regular mode, no features of its use at the same time does not appear. This is how the boat engine is kept for the winter. "Tohatsu" or other manufacturer - does not matter much, but there are still some non-critical features.
So, all the above recommendationsfair, for the most part, for two-stroke engines of medium power, which are actively exploited by most hunters and fishermen in this country. But for all other engines that can be found on sale, these rules are well founded. Some special and important nuances are better to find out directly from the manufacturer's representatives, since such information can only be from them. The general principle of any conservation is the use of a special mixture, best of all in the form of a spray.
This composition should be as uniform as possibledistribute on all internal surfaces of the motor, and also if possible to protect from corrosion the outer "body kit" of the motor. Especially important are all these remarks in relation to motors that are operated in sea conditions. Salty sea water so quickly corrodes many parts of modern technology, that for a couple of seasons, if you do not properly conserve your boat engine, you can safely throw it away.