Under the legislation of the Russian Federation, any citizen,working under an employment contract, must receive his vacation days. How to calculate the vacation, is spelled out in the Labor Code. There are all the rules and responsibilities of the employer and employee. Granting leave on TC is a time of rest, free from labor duties, in which the employee retains his position and salary.
Despite the fact that the length of service for an employeeis counted from the moment of the emergence of labor relations with him, the employer does not have to immediately give him vacation days. The right to use them for the first worked year arises from the employee only after six months of continuous work in the organization, including the periods counted in the length of service. Article 122 of the TC does not say that the employee has the right to receive, and the employer is obliged to give him leave after 6 months worked. Here we are talking about something else - the fact that only after six months a new employee receives the same rights as the rest, with respect to the opportunity to spend his time off. However, under the permission of the head, it can be given to the employee, who works in the organization for less than six months.
How to calculate vacation in case of ambiguous situations? There are employees who are entitled even to leave on vacation in the first year of their work, without waiting for the end of 6 months, and the employer will be obliged to provide them. These include, for example, women before or after maternity leave, minors, part-time workers.
How to calculate the vacation? According to the Labor Code and other normative documents, the employee is not obliged to walk off all 28 calendar days at once without splitting into parts. The breakdown of leave is not prohibited by mutual agreement, however, provided that the minimum duration of one part is 14 calendar days.
About how to calculate vacation restdays, nothing is said in the TC. In disputable situations, this issue can be solved individually with each specific employee. For example, an employee can take 5 calendar days, excluding weekends, to extend vacation. Or, conversely, with a large amount of work, an employee can take the remaining vacation for 2 calendar days that fall on a Saturday and Sunday. Consequently, each leader makes his own decision, which is desirable to be fixed in the normative local act of the organization.