The classification of investments and their types can differ from each other by a large number of characteristics. We list the main of them:
Classification of investments and their types playgreat importance in planning the investment activity of the enterprise. One of the most important classifiers is the title of the owner. For most enterprises in our country, this classification consists of two categories of investment owners: external and internal.
Under external sources of investment, you cannote the following types of investments: domestic and foreign investors' funds, savings and deposits of the population, state investments, often provided in the form of government loans, interest-free targeted loans, budgetary allocations, as well as loans denominated in bank loans, bonds (securities) issued by both the enterprise and local authorities.
It is public investment that aloneof the most important for the successful implementation of investment programs within the country. Even in developed countries, where there is a strong market economy, companies rarely resort to state lending. In the same way, the state can grant subsidies to certain investment programs and projects, if at the same time they affect and affect related industries.
Among domestic sources, it can be notedprofit of the enterprise itself, depreciation funds, dividends and interest, as well as funds that came from the issue of shares, and of course proceeds from the sale of unused or retired property.
Classification of investments and their types are not raredetermines the methods of financing for individual programs and projects, as well as allow the calculation of proportions in the structure of possible sources of attracted investment resources. Therefore, it is possible to single out the main goal, which pursues the formation of investment resources of various types and classes - meeting the needs of the enterprise in investment assets, and structural optimization by the effectiveness of results and investment activities.
Thus, the economic essence and classification of investments are becoming increasingly important in the current financing environment for various investment programs and projects.