The XXI century is the era of informatization. It was at this time that the progress of innovative technologies affected virtually all areas of activity, including document circulation in organizations and at various enterprises.
The digital signature is a means,allowing to confirm the authenticity of an electronic document. This tool is a kind of full replacement of the original signature that a person leaves on each requiring that document. Also, thanks to the electronic digital signature, you can completely exclude the possibility of editing and editing a document after signing it.
For the first time the concept of "EDS" appeared in distant80-ies, but then it was just a word and not realized idea. At the end of the 20th century this device was designed and tested on several systems. After successful experiments EDS quickly found its application in Russia. The national communications security department has developed its own algorithm for data protection through EDS since 1996.
Over the past almost 20 years, this algorithmwas repeatedly improved, and more and more organizations and enterprises began to use the digital-digital signature. The latest changes in the algorithm of EDS work were made in early 2013.
Today, when almost all large companiesswitched to electronic document management, the digital signature does not seem to be something new and incomprehensible. In addition, there is a signature not only for signing internal documents of the organization, but also digital signatures for electronic trading, through which you can participate in various auctions and competitions. Such procurement procedures are carried out on specialized Web sites. In order to sign the document EDS, it is enough that a special program is installed on the computer, and also there was an electronic-digital signature in the form of a USB-card.
Most often for most different resourcesit is necessary to have several EDSs. For example, for a public services portal, one signature is required, and EDS for electronic trading is completely different, which is issued only by an identified certifying center.
The digital signature is aUSB-keychain, which holds an open and private signature key. This device looks like a flash drive in size and appearance. The main thing is not to confuse the EDS with the USB flash drive, because if the EDS is stolen or lost, then the attacker can sign the necessary document. The cryptography technology used can reliably protect the signed electronic document from subsequent changes.
Today, most organizations that provideservices in this or that sphere, are registered and undergo an accreditation process in systems that deal with electronic trading. In turn, companies that use these services are also registered in the same way on purchasing sites, after which they announce auctions and various contests for the purchase of goods or services. To carry out all these procedures, you need an EDS for electronic trading and the CryptoPro program.
There are companies that deal withproduction and issuance of digital signatures. It is worth remembering that these organizations should have the status of a certifying center, otherwise the EDS issued by such a company can not be considered valid. The manufacture of digital signatures for electronic trading must also be carried out by a specialized organization. However, budget organizations to participate in electronic trading on some sites require the production of EDS exclusively in the service of the Federal Treasury.
Get a cryptographic protection devicecan both legal entities (LLC, JSC, etc.), and physical. In this case, an individual does not need to have the status of an individual entrepreneur. Today every person has the right to acquire an electronic digital signature and use it, for example, on the website of state services. With this device and a Web resource, everyone can manage their pension contributions or tax duties.
For a legal entity:
For an individual entrepreneur:
For an individual:
It is worth remembering that some certifying centers may ask at their discretion to provide additional documents for the design and manufacture of the device.
In most cases, the timing of manufacturing EDS is very small. Some certifying centers perform all procedures in your presence, after which you can immediately pick up the device.