Hoffmann is a famous storyteller whose nameIt is familiar to both children and adults. Everyone remembers who wrote the Nutcracker. Many understand that Hoffmann was not just a writer, but a real wizard. Well, can an ordinary person create such wonderful stories from emptiness?
It is commonly believed that wizards appear on thelight where they themselves so desire. Ernst Theodore Wilhelm (as his name sounded at the beginning of his life) was born in a beautiful city called Koenigsberg. On that day the church celebrated St. John Chrysostom. The father of the future writer was a lawyer.
From a small age Ernst fell in love with music, it was hisvent. Later, he even changed his name, and from Wilhelm turned into Amadeus (that's the name Mozart). The boy played organ, violin, piano, wrote poetry, was fond of painting and vocal. When he grew up, his parents left him no choice, and the boy had to continue the family tradition - to become an official.
Ernst obeyed his father, studied at the university andFor a long time he worked in various judicial departments. He could not settle down anywhere: he traveled endlessly through Polish and Prussian cities, sneezed in dusty document stores, dozed at court hearings, and portrayed cartoons to his colleagues on the margins of important papers. At that time, he could not even dream of one day becoming famous, and everyone would know who wrote the Nutcracker.
Repeatedly hapless lawyer tried to quitfrom work, but to no avail. Once he went to the capital of Germany to study painting and music there, but he did not earn a penny there. Then he went to a small town called Bamberg, where he worked as a conductor, composer, decorator, theatrical director, wrote essays and reviews for the newspaper about music, engaged in tutoring and even traded pianos and notes. However, the author of the Nutcracker fairy tale never received any big money or fame.
Once Hoffmann realized that he could no longerstay in Bamberg, and went to Dresden, where he soon followed in Leipzig, almost died from a bomb explosion during one of the final Napoleonic battles, and then ...
Probably, it can be called benevolencefate or the help of John Chrysostom, but one day Ernst took a pen, put it in ink and ... Suddenly the ring of crystal bells rang out, the emerald snakes moved on the tree and the work "The Golden Pot" was created. It was in 1814.
Hofmann finally realized that his destinylies in literature, before him the gates of an amazing and magical land opened. However, it is worth noting that he used to write, for example, in 1809 the "Cavalier Gluck" was created. Soon whole notebooks were covered with fairy tales, and then they were included in the book "Fantasies in the Kallo manner". Many liked the works, and Hoffmann immediately gained fame. And now, if you ask a modern child who wrote the Nutcracker, he will probably answer correctly.
Hoffmann said that he, like a child,born on Sunday, notices what ordinary people do not see. The stories and tales of the author could be funny and frightening, kind and terrible, but the mystical in them appeared unexpectedly, from the simplest things, sometimes as if from the air. This was the great secret that the writer comprehended first. Gradually Hoffmann became more and more famous, but he did not add money to it. Therefore, the storyteller again had to become an adviser to justice, this time in the German capital.
This city the author of The Nutcracker calledhuman desolation, he was very uncomfortable here. However, it was in Berlin that almost all of his most famous works were created. These are The Nutcracker and the Mouse King, Night Stories (from which they are breathtaking), Little Tsaches, The Life Views of the Cat of Murra, Princess Brambilla and others. Over time, Hoffman had buddies with the same rich inner world and developed imagination, as well as his own. They often had serious and funny conversations about psychology, about art and about many other things. And it was on the basis of these talks that four volumes of the "Serapion Brothers" were created. Opening any of these books, you can find out who wrote the "Nutcracker" included in one of them. The author's name is on the first page.
Hoffman had many new ideas and ideas, a servicetook not very much time, and everything would turn out well, if not for one tragic incident. The writer once witnessed how an innocent man was wanted to be imprisoned, and he stood up for this man. But the police director, by the name of von Kampts, made this act furious. Moreover, the brave author of The Nutcracker portrayed this unjust man in the work The Lord of the Fleas, which was written in 1822. He gave him the name of Knarrpanti and described how he first detained people, and then hung on them the appropriate offenses. Von Kampts was simply furious and asked the king to destroy the manuscript of this story. So a lawsuit was brought, and only the help of friends and a serious ailment helped the writer avoid unpleasant consequences.
Hoffman lost the ability to move, but until the endbelieved in recovery. At the end of life, the story "The Angle Window" was created - the last gift to the admirers of the writer. But the overwhelming majority of people remember him thanks to the famous Christmas fairy tale that won many hearts. By the way, about who the author of "The Nutcracker", many children learn at school.
Separately, it should be said about the work"The Nutcracker and the Mouse King", included in the book "Serapion Brothers". This tale is best read at Christmas, because the action takes place at this time. The creation of this masterpiece of Hoffmann was inspired by the children of his friend Julius Hitzig, whom he met in the Polish capital. Their names and some personal qualities, the German writer awarded the characters of his work. When the fairy tale was ready, the children were read by the author himself. "The Nutcracker and the Mouse King" is a great work, as they thought.
Marie Hitzig, who in the fairy tale bears the nameStahlbaum, unfortunately, died early. And her brother, named Fritz, who gave commands to the tin soldiers in the Nutcracker, was trained as an architect and became director of the Academy of Arts, located in the German capital.
Have you ever wondered why the main thingthe hero of the work was a toy? Just a writer, some time into the theater, were close puppets and dolls. His friend told me that Hoffmann had a whole cupboard stuffed with toys. The writer believed that people - only puppets, and for the strings pulls the very fate, is not always supportive of us. He often repeated that everything would be as it pleased the gods.
So you remembered who wrote the fairy tale "The Nutcracker", which you probably read to your parents.