What is a newt in music? Tritons are solfeggio. Tone, semitone in music

The word "newt" has several meanings. This is a rare animal, and an ancient Greek God, and a musical interval. In the Middle Ages, this consonance was strictly forbidden. He was called "the music of the devil." However, time passed, the rhythm of life changed.

In the works of Russian composers, one can observe their wide use. The combination of melodic and harmonic tritons sounds unusual and expressive.

The meaning of the word "newt". What is Tritons in Music?

Triton in nature is called an amphibian from the family of amphibians. This is one of the rare animals on planet Earth, which has a unique ability to regenerate lost limbs and tail.

According to ancient Greek mythology, Triton is a god. In the old days he was portrayed as a man with a dolphin tail and features a horse.

Triton is also called the satellite of the eighth planet from the sun.

What is a newt in music? These are intervals that are equal to three tones or six semitones. It can be an enlarged quart and a reduced fifth.

newts in music

General information

Uv.4 is an interval that covers four steps and contains three tones. In the diatonic scale it is an exception, since all quarts have two and a half tones and are pure. Along with the chromatic intervals, IV.4 is also an exception. They are all diatonic, and the quartile is equal to the reduced quint.

Mind 5 is an interval that spans five steps and contains three tones. This reference is valid. Therefore, all of the above applies to this interval.

Tritons in music are dissonant forsound. They are part of D7. Are built in natural and harmonic modes. There are not only enlarged and reduced. They also bear the names of subdominant and dominant, when constructed on the appropriate steps.

Tritons are a devilish combination of two musical sounds

Not everyone knows that in the Middle Ages under strictThe prohibition was to use two sounds that contain three tones. The Catholic Church believed that the newts in music - this is by no means a permissible phenomenon. He who uses them in his compositions, is devilishly influenced or worships him. This interval was not allowed to be used in either simultaneous or consecutive sounding. If someone violated the laws established by the church regarding this consonance, he could get into the cellars of the Inquisition. At best, an instructive and explanatory conversation was conducted with him. There is an opinion that not only the sound of this interval "cut" the rumor to opponents. Triton consists of six halftones, and the number itself caused fear and resentment.

What is Tritons in Music?

The use of newts by Russian composers

Tritons in music are extremely interestingintervals. They were widely used by Russian composers. So, for example, Nikolai Andreevich Rimsky-Korsakov uses them in the "Pskovite" before the stage veche. This gives an alarming sound to the crying call. His popular opera "The Night Before Christmas" also uses this interval. The entire intonational system The devil is permeated with the newt. Thanks to this, his image becomes very bright and characteristic. Alexander Borodin widely uses tritons in the music of the opera "Prince Igor". It is also remarkable that they are applied in different imaginative contexts. It is enough to consider them using the example of Konchak's scenes. When this actor moves on to the battle memories, the composer uses the second tritonic shifts in the dotted march move. An enlarged quarter and a reduced fifth accompany the recitative of Konchak, which creates a delicate commentary on his words. They seem to reveal the inherent intonation overtones.

newts solfeggio

Combinations of melodic and harmonic tritons

Boris Asafiev subtly noticed the most interesting roletriton. He points out that in Russian music the interval determines the correlation of tonal links and harmonic sequences. Information about this can be found in the study on Glinka by the Soviet author. He considers the "March of Chernomor" in this respect and a number of other examples from the opera "Ruslan and Lyudmila." The harmony of the triton relationship can be found in the culmination of Rakhmaninov's excellent elegy.

Multiple repetition of nonaccord on For combined with the same chord for E flat. Thanks to this the final of the first part is amazingemotional explosion. The hidden ratio of the main tones in the tritone intervals is observed in the introduction to the fourth action of the opera The Tsar's Bride by NA Rimsky-Korsakov. The initial chords, together with the whole-tone and descending chromatic scales, create the feeling of a "bad premonition". The close relationship of Triton relations in harmony and chromaticity in melody (melodic-harmonic relief with an artistic image) can be found in Rimsky-Korsakov's The Snow Maiden.

Increased Quarter and a Reduced Quinta in the Works of Modern Composers

Tritons in the music of the creators of the 20-21 century -a fairly common phenomenon. In V. Lutoslavsky's Funeral Music, which is written for a string orchestra, their unsurpassed sound "captures" the listener's attention and produces a stunning effect. A strong sense of concentrated and mournful tension is created through the interaction of harmonic and melodic newts. It is these intervals that give the music an unusual sound to the music and are very impressive. Proceeding from the foregoing, it should be noted that the newts are extremely interesting intervals. Their expressive properties are closely related to the problem of introductivity and chromaticity.

Tone, semitone in music

The Octave includes the seven main stages of the scale. Below is the piano keyboard.

what is a semitone

From the sound "c" to "h" there will be exactly seven white keys, this before, re, mi, fa, salt, la, si. This sequence is called naturalsystem. Between the "e-f" and "h-c" sounds, the shortest distance is obtained. That's what a semitone is. If you also count the black keys, you get twelve sounds (notes). It is a tempered musical system. In it anywhere in the scale will be a semitone. The whole tone consists of two halftones. For example, notes "fis" and "gis". If you look at the keyboard, it becomes clear that there will always be one key between them. In this case it is the sound "g".

Diatonic and chromatic tones and semitones

tone semitone in music

Half tone, like the tone in music, is built innatural and temperamental system. The diatonic semitone is obtained between the nearest stages of the scale: "e-f", "h-c". Or formed between the main and derived steps. So, for example: "c-des", "es-fes", "e-dis", etc. The chromatic is obtained from the connection of the main stage and its reduction or, conversely, increase. So, for example: "a-as", "f-fis". It happens that it is formed between the rise (decrease) of the main stage and its double increase (decrease). For example: "f-fisis", "b-bes".

The diatonic tone (whole) is obtained as a result of the connection of two main steps located in the neighborhood.

tone in music

These are: c-d, d-e, f-g, g-a, a-h. It is also formed between the main stage and the derivative: "e-fis". It can also be obtained between two derivatives: "des-es". The chromatic tone is obtained from the compound of the main stage and its double decrease or increase, and also between the two derivatives of the same stage.

Thus, in music there are tones andsemitones, without which no construction takes place. They are diatonic and chromatic and are formed in a natural and tempered order. Extremely interesting intervals widely used by Russian and foreign composers are tritons. Solfeggio is a discipline where they are studied, built and sung.

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