"Bolero", Ravel and Cosmos

The masterpiece created by the composer Maurice Ravel, "Bolero", for the ballerina Ida Rubinstein, is the last meeting of his work with the symphony orchestra.

bolero ravel
A Spanish musical theme developed inan independent work, famous for the whole world and for all time - "Bolero", Ravel created much wider in artistic design than a simple choreographic sketch. Although the ballerina received her share of fame, the further life of the symphonic painting gained much greater importance. Even the first "Spanish" work of Ravel - "Spanish Rhapsody" - not so grandiose luck. In "Bolero" Ravel not only avoided the impressionistic aesthetics, but also the unpretentious Spanish dance here is absent, in the inexorable rhythm of this music beats the course of the "big time" - the Cosmos, the Universe.

Building a work

One of the longest melodic themes in historyworld music - as many as thirty-four bars - persistent, unswerving, stubbornly repeating, tenaciously holding all this building that has grown to a universal size. By the way, this melody would not have fallen on the purely Spanish bolero.

moris ravel bolero
The pace is twice as slow as in the national bolero. Ravel amazed the music lovers: in this melody there is no culmination! But there are stops at different parts of the bar. But what kind of smoothness, income and gradualness, inexorable wavy, exceptional rhythmic expressiveness. The three main components of the construction are ostinato melodies, ostinato rhythmic accompaniment, single, without the slightest acceleration of the tempo. The voltage build-up is achieved due to dynamics and instrumentation.


Two small drums begin, gradually callingrest. At the end of "Bolero" Ravel shakes the audience by the fact that the same rhythmic accompaniment sounds already in the performance of not only all the drums, but also the woodwinds - flutes, oboes, clarinets - and brass winds - trumpets, horns - string group! And here's another interesting feature: the strings are not soloed here! They mimic the sound of folk instruments - simple mandolins and guitars.

music ravel bolero

This Ravel crescendo is a great unifyingforce. It's only Beethoven and Rachmaninov that can compare with the growth of orchestral power, and that's relatively. Terra-suitability is dynamics from Bach and only from him. Although, we must admit - crescendo, covering the whole work - here Ravel was much "steeper" than everyone.

Orchestral style

Miracle of orchestration in "Bolero" Ravel madethanks to the introduction of old and forgotten instruments in the symphony orchestra - celesta, small trumpet, saxophones and oboe, "Amur", which greatly diversified the timbre of the sound, while the timbre was basically clean, not mixed, except for the episodes when the instruments of the same group were connected - to enhance the sound.The most sophisticated ear amazes with its novelty is the music.Ravel "Bolero" carved as if from a single block of marble - there's even no transitions from tonality to tonality. Only in the very culmination of C major, kaz The eternal, and the best, divine flash lit up the listeners in E-major, like a cloud that seized the whole world, the tutti suddenly pierces the powerful and pure sound of the four pipes, then the trombones, percussion sounds ... and everything. Apocalypse. is interpreted very broadly - from striptease dance to the resistance of the patriotic forces of Spain to the enemy's threat.This depends on the level of perception of the listener.

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