Present a modern society without musicabsolutely not possible. It has become part of human existence. The music accompanies each step and is audible from everywhere. It can express joy and sorrow, triumph and fall, while - it is never superfluous. For those who like to relax or work under musical accompaniment, all the songs are just a set of melodies and voices. For those who chose music, music is a set of notes, chords, terms, techniques that create pleasant melodies.
Many of the musical terms are not familiar to those,who have no musical education. One such counterpoint is counterpoint. This is not accidental, because the synonym of the word is the more famous term - polyphony. But what hides behind an unknown word?
Counterpoint is a polyphony in music, simultaneous sounding and a harmonious combination of several independent melodies. Thanks to this, the work becomes more voluminous and beautiful.
There was a term from the Latin punctus contrapunctum, which literally means "point against point." Adapting to the musical theme - "note against note". That is, another melody is added to the main theme, which repeats the main voice rhythmically, but is slightly modified.
Counterpoint as a kind of musical artIt is known since the 14th century and replaced the treble. All subsequent musical epochs are characterized by this style. The first used counterpoint in the music of Giovanni Pierluigi Palestrina. In his works the composer used several voices so that, in addition to contrasting with each other, they had different melodic forms.
Further development of the counterpoint is traced inworks of Johann Sebastian Bach. His work is characterized by a more developed polyphonic system. Melodic lines have more freedom, but the overall harmony of the whole work remains. Creativity composer is considered the period in which the most vividly developed counterpoint. This can also be said of the creation of Georg Friedrich Handel.
It is possible to cite the classification thatcounterpoint. This division into strict and free. In strict all the melodic voices had to have the right attitude to the melody of the bass. Free developed later and included both contrapuntal and harmonic rules.
Strict and free polyphony are divided into simple and complex. In a simple two or more melodies are combined without forming a new combination, unlike a complex one, which allows such formations.
The complex counterpoint has such discharges: mobile and reversible. In mobile voices do not change, but only move. In the second case, there is an appeal or countervailing of the votes.
The musical counterpoint makes the soundmultifaceted and bright. But the term is known not only in music. He meets in the film industry, literature, helping to convey contrasts, making episodes more expressive.