Exposition, string, culmination, denouement, final- in the literature this is considered to be the compositional components of the work. It is known that the composition in the literary text is the arrangement of parts of the work in a certain sequence. This is a kind of system, thanks to which the author manages to express his idea.
The outset of the narrative refers to that point in anyliterary form, where the storyline and the conflict on which the plot is based are born. The culmination is the part in which the conflict reaches its climax. Immediately after it follows the denouement. In the literature, this is the block of compositional construction in which the conflict is resolved, and the storyline ends.
If we presented the development of the plot in the formgraphics, then from the starting point - the string straight would move up to the peak of the product - the climax, and then would go to the recession, where it is waiting for the denouement. In literature, this schematic image, resembling a frame, turns into a full-blooded, saturated and interesting action designed to awaken the reader certain thoughts and feelings, to induce him to some moral decision.
In this connection, the denouement can bejust as the final "chords" of the plot harmony, but as an author's artistic tool, by means of which he accentuates his position in relation to the heroes and the conflict.
The denouement in literature is not the final of the work. It is also wrong to call the ending the end, the last lines and words. The author in the book submits his plan in the form of intricate nodules. The intrigue grows, gradually the action moves to the final, where the culmination and denouement will occur. Conditionally these two compositional elements constitute the final for the sake of which the narrative was conducted.
Sometimes there is no final outcome, andthen literary scholars speak of an open final. Such an artistic technique is characteristic of works in which the author encourages the reader to reflect. An open ending is seen in Ken Kesey's play "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest", in Pushkin's novel "Eugene Onegin", in the story of M. Saltykov-Shchedrin "The History of a City".
It also happens that the denouement in literature issimultaneously, and the culmination. In Nikolai Gogol's comedy The Inspector General, the famous silent scene is the highest point of the growing conflict between Khlestakov's lies that he is an important official from Petersburg and the true state of things.
At the same time, this is a denouement in whichthe lines of the letter intercepted by Khlestakov are read out, the provincial authorities will learn the truth, and against this background there are words that the inspector has arrived from the capital and requires the governor "this hour" to himself.