Analysis of "Gooseberries" Chekhov. A.P. Chekhov, "Gooseberries": the main characters

The end of the 19th century was marked in the history of Russiaa period of stagnation, since the new emperor Nicholas 2 made it clear to liberal circles that he would continue the policy begun by his father. This meant that the reforms could be forgotten.

analysis of gooseberry chekhov
The works are already quite famous in that periodwriter APChekhov became a response to the relations that had developed in the socio-political sphere. Thus, he tried to reach out to thinking people who could intervene in the current course of events. This applies to the trilogy published in 1898, which included small in volume works "Man in a Case", "About Love" and "Gooseberries".

Chekhov's story (it was his favorite genre) isan attempt to briefly describe the phenomena taking place in society and pay attention to human vices and false ideas about the meaning of life.

The history of writing the work "Gooseberries"

Once a writer was told about St. Petersburgofficial, who all dreamed of a uniform embroidered with gold. When he finally came to him, it turned out that there was nowhere to go in a new dress: solemn receptions were not foreseen in the near future. As a result, the uniform could not be put on: the gilding on it eventually faded, the official himself died six months later. This story served as the basis for the creation of the story, but only the dream of a petty official becomes gooseberry. Chekhov's story draws the attention of the reader to the extent to which the life of a person in pursuit of selfish happiness can become petty and meaningless.

Composition and plot of the work

"Gooseberries" is built on the principle of "story instory. " The narrative of the protagonist is preceded by an exposition containing a description of nature - rich, generous, majestic. The landscape emphasizes the spiritual impoverishment of the petty official, which will be discussed later.

Czechs gooseberries heroes
Then the reader sees friends on the first parttrilogy of characters: the landowner-laborer Alekhin, teacher of Burkina and veterinarian Ivan Ivanych. And then the theme of "futly" life is recalled - Chekhov marked it in the first story. "Gooseberries" - its content is fairly straightforward - develops it, showing how it can be a destructively habitual existence.

With the main character, N.I. Chimsh-Himalayan, his interlocutors and readers are introduced by his brother, Ivan Ivanych. He also assesses what happens to a person who lives only to satisfy his own desires.

Nikolai Ivanovich grew up in a village where everyoneseemed to him beautiful and amazing. Once in the city, he did not cease to think about how to necessarily acquire an estate and live there a quiet life (which Ivan Ivanovich never approved). Soon, his passion was added to the passionate desire to grow in his estate - this emphasizes AP Chekhov - gooseberry. Chimsh-Himalayan pursued his goal: regularly looked through newspapers with ads on the sale of estates, increasingly limited himself and saved money in the bank, then married - without love - to an aged but provided widow. Finally, he had the opportunity to buy a small estate: dirty, unconfined, but his own. True, the gooseberry was not there, but he immediately planted a few bushes. And he began a quiet life, happy and contented with himself.

Czechs gooseberry content

The degradation of the main character

An analysis of "Gooseberries" by Chekhov is an attempt to understand,why gradually, in parallel with the achievement of the goal, the soul of Nikolai Ivanovich was stale. He was not at all tormented by remorse for the death of his wife - he practically starved her. The hero lived a closed, useless life and was very proud of his noble title - he, for example, was very offended when the peasants turned to him, letting "your honor." Showing his lordly mercy, he once a year, on his name-day, ordered "to take half a bucket" and was sure that it was bound to be so. He did not notice that everything was running around, the dog and she looked more like a pig. And Chimsh-Himalayan himself grew fat, flabby, aged, and seems to have lost his human form.

Here it is - the desired berry

An analysis of Chekhov's "Gooseberries" is a reflection on how a person, through self-deception, tries to give special significance to what is actually a pacifier.

Ivan Ivanovich, who visited his brother and found him inso unattractive, was extremely saddened. He could not believe that a person in his egoistic aspiration could reach such a state. Especially unpleasant to him, when Nikolai Ivanovich brought a plate with the first harvest. Chimsh-Himalayan took one berry and enjoyed with pleasure, despite the fact that it was "tough and sour". His happiness was so great that he could not sleep at night and everything was coming to the coveted plate. Analysis of "Gooseberries" Chekhov - is also a lot of disappointing conclusions, the main of which: Nikolai Ivanovich forgot about his own dignity, and the estate and long-awaited berry became for him that "case" with which he fenced off the problems and worries of the world around him.

What does a person need for a happy life?

Meeting with his brother forced Ivan Ivanovicha new look at how he lives and the people around him. And also recognize that he sometimes had similar desires, destroying the soul. This is precisely what AP Chekhov points out.

and n Czechs gooseberry
Gooseberries in his story acquires a newmeaning - it becomes a symbol of limited existence. And while one enjoys happiness, many people around him suffer and die in poverty and callousness. Rescue from universal spiritual death Ivan Ivanovich, and with him the author, sees in some force that at the right time will, like a hammer, remind a happy person that not everything is so beautiful in the world and at any moment there may come a time when it will be necessary help. But only there will be nobody to render it and only the blame will be to blame. To such not very cheerful, but rather important thoughts the reader is led by A. P. Chekhov.

"Gooseberries": heroes and their relation to the world

The analyzed story is one withtwo others, included in the trilogy. And they are united not only by Alekhin, Burkin and Ivan Ivanych, who alternately act as storytellers and listeners. The main thing in the other is that the subject of the image in the works is power, property and family, namely, the entire socio-political life of the country is held by them. Heroes of works, unfortunately, are still not enough ready to completely change their lives, to get away from "boxiness." Nevertheless, the analysis of "Gooseberries" Chekhov makes progressive people, like Ivan Ivanych, think about what it is worth living for.

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