You can guess that all the main andsecondary heroes of literary works are not invented by the author, but are written off from real people. If all the characters of the authors were pure fiction, then it is unlikely that the works themselves would be interesting to the reader. A fictional hero is ideal, and it's not interesting.
Every character in a literary workthere is a double in real life. It can be a writer who created a masterpiece, acquaintances or relatives, and even an interesting historical personality. These people can be called prototypes of literary characters.
Often, according to the idea of the writer appears prototype,which from the beginning to the end repeats the life path and actions of the author himself. Such works are the most realistic, because they fully absorb the way of life and the views of the heroes of that era. Refer to such a prototype writer in his autobiographical works.
There are so-called collective images.This is when the prototype of the hero is not one, but several. Creating a literary image, the author takes on several features at once for several people. A striking example is the work of M. Yu. Lermontov "Hero of Our Time", where Grushnitsky is a collective image.
For children, a prototype is chosen that isthe work becomes a reading child close and understandable, because the main character is a child. The young reader is fully aware of his actions. And where do the characters-children come from? Often the children of writers become prototypes. So Alice Selezneva appeared in The Secret of the Third Planet, the girl Murochka in the works of K. Chukovsky.
The daughter of Lewis Carroll Alice became the prototypethe main character in the work "Alice in Wonderland." Often the story told seems incredible and very interesting, and the names of the characters coincide with the names of the original and his friends. Sometimes readers can view the prototype. What does this concept mean when analyzing works? Reading a literary work, I want to know from which person the author wrote off the characters, whom they remind. It helps to feel the idea and the theme of the text.
But the prototype (what does this term mean, wedisassembled above), it is quite possible that he does not want to publicize his name. Therefore, sometimes readers only have to guess and build theories about the prototype of this or that hero.