Soviet poets who worked during the period of the junction of XIX andXX centuries, as well as those who wrote in the 60s of the last century, can rightly be called revolutionaries of Russian literature. The Silver Age gave us such names as Balmont, Blok, Gumilev, Mandelstam, Akhmatova, Sologub, Bryusov, etc. At the same time, we learned about Yesenin, Tsvetaeva, Mayakovsky, Voloshin, Severyanin.
Symbolists and Romantics of the late nineteenth centurymade a new word in poetry. Some singed the earthly existence, others, on the contrary, saw a transfiguration in religion. Futurists sought to keep pace with the creators of Europe, they were expressive in their desire for rebellion and shocking, made new energy in the literature of that time.
Poems of Soviet poets reflect the spirit of the times,political situation of the country, the mood of the people. Literature, like the country, after the revolution of 1917 became multinational, combining different characters and styles of creators. In the poems of the poets of that period, we can see both the manifested Yaroslav Leninist ideology, the moods of the proletariat, and the sufferings of the bourgeoisie.
Soviet poets of the Silver Age
The most significant creators of the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. can be called acmeists Akhmatova, Zenkevich, Gumilev, Mandelstam. Their impetus for rapprochement was opposition to symbolism, the desire to get rid of its utopian theories. They appreciated the picturesque images, detailed compositions, the aesthetics of fragile things. They were united before the First World War, later Soviet poets went their separate ways.
Futurists also made a great contribution to literature. In this style worked Khlebnikov, Burliuk, Kamensky. Poets viewed art as a problem and changed the attitude of people towards the intelligibility and incomprehensibility of creativity. They are repulsed from passive perception to world outlook, forcing readers to think not literally, but artistically, fantastically.
The Soviet poet of the times "thaw"
After the death of Stalin, when the power came to powerNikita Khrushchev, the period of the "thaw" has come. It was at this time that the poets were able to speak openly, without hesitation in condemnation and censorship. Many figures who worked before the war, published their works only in the 60's. For example, Yevtushenko, Voznesensky, Okudzhava became a real political sensation of the time. They collected the halls of several tens of thousands of people, but few understood them. Undoubtedly, many of the literary creators of the second half of the twentieth century affected politics in their works, but this was not a provocation or a condemnation of Stalinism. So the poets expressed their opinion in a sarcastic poetic form. Their views were shared by many intellectuals and educated people, and they were also accepted by workers. Poets of the 60s managed to conquer the whole population without exception.