Kabanikha in the play "Storm" is an antagonistthe main character, Katerina. The contrast of the characters in the work is of decisive importance, revealing its meaning. Heroines are representatives of the opposite poles of the patriarchal world. If Katerina is spirituality, poetry, kindness, mercy, then Marfa Ignatyevna - earthiness, love of money, pettiness.
Relations between the heroine and her family
Ignorant person, rough, superstitious,the guardian of the old laws, despotic, loves to teach and keep everyone in awe - this is such a brief description of the Kabanikha. This is a rich merchant, a widow, mother of Varvara and Tikhon, mother-in-law of Katerina. A woman is a shepherd of hell for the household, her family she always saws, teaches, tries to keep the houses of the ancient order and gets angry when the young people do not listen to her. Kabanova Marfa Ignatyevna piously believes that order can be imposed only if everyone is kept in awe.
Characteristics of Kabanihi allows the reader to understandthe attitude of the Old Believers to the new world. The merchant has raised her children in fear, she wants to extend her power to her daughter-in-law. She constantly teaches her son, makes him punish his wife, keep her on a short leash. When Tikhon is puzzled, why should he make Katherine be afraid of him, because she loves him, her mother screams at him. After all, if the daughter-in-law of her husband is not afraid of her, then her mother-in-law is even more so.
Relations of the merchant with the surrounding
Kabaniha regularly goes to church, surrounds himselfklikushami, beggars regularly gives alms. With his goddess Wild, the merchant woman talks on equal terms. Although these two belong to the same world and support the old order, but the characteristic of the Kabanikh shows that the woman still disdains the tyranny of the landowner. Marfa Ignatieva really keeps her family in fear, but she does it to maintain order in the house, and not because of violent nature. In addition, the merchant will never complain about the problems in her family in public, as Wild does.
The last guardian of order
The image of Kabanikhi is the embodiment of the Old Believers,some medieval foundations. The merchant suffers from the fact that her world is slowly falling apart. She sees that young people do not support her, she does not respect old laws, she thinks in new ways. The woman is filled with some apocalyptic expectations, she does not understand what will happen when all the old-timers die out, and there will be no one to oppose everything modern. House Kabanovs is almost the last stronghold, where the dogmas of antiquity are respected.
Characteristics of Kabanikhi does not cause pity forthis heroine, although at the end of the play not only Katerina, but her mother-in-law also suffered. For the merchant, a terrible blow was the public recognition of the daughter-in-law, the son's rebellion and the escape from her daughter's home. But this woman did not understand that by her failure to accept the modern world, she led to the death of Katerina, ruined the life of Varvara and pushed Tikhon to drink. From the rule of the Kabanikhi no one felt better. But this she does not understand, because the merchant even after so many misfortunes continues to insist on his.