The basic rule of appearance of new architecturalforms - a reflection of social processes. Of course, the wording is approximate, not specific, but the Moscow Baroque style emerged precisely against the backdrop of the events of the late 17th and early 18th centuries. In Russia at that time, society gravitated toward everything progressive. The spirit of Peter's beginnings touched also architecture. Throughout Russia were built temples, large and small. The merchants built up churches and cathedrals, everyone wanted to leave a memory after themselves.
However, noble noblemen tried not to lag behind. For example, the ancient family of Naryshkins, relatives of Peter the Great on the maternal line, also undertook the erection of temples after the long-standing confrontation between the Naryshkins and Miloslavskys ended. In this struggle for influence at the royal court, the Naryshkin family conquered, however, without any special consequences for the Miloslavskys family. Nevertheless, there was an occasion for the victorious erection of churches and cathedrals in all estates belonging to the Naryshkin family.
Several temples were built in styleWest European main architectural order, but significant decorative additions were introduced into the exterior design, which laid the foundation for a new style, called "Naryshkin Baroque" or "Moscow Baroque". The most remarkable example of this style is the Intercession Church in Fili. It is not like any temple of that time. The principle of construction is a tiered one: octagon on a quadrangle with a vaulted overlap of eight trays.
Above is the bell tower in the formoctagonal drum. Belfry is crowned with a faceted head - gilded, with a cross. The lower tier, the four-legged, four round semicircular apses surround on all sides. Each is crowned with a gilded dome. On the whole circumference of the church there is a gallery-gulbishche. Only this temple deserves a separate characteristic of the style, so unusual architectural decision was applied by the architects. Naryshkinsky Baroque in Moscow also represent the Church of John the Warrior on Yakimanka and the Resurrection Church in Kadashi.
Moscow Baroque has a rare property: it conquers space. In some incomprehensible way, the visual perception of the church expands to infinity. Around it there can be as many buildings as you like, we look at them, but we do not see anything except the Naryshkin church itself. Particularly impressive is the temple of the Deposition on the Don. Quite simple architectural forms - a quadrangular with tightly planted five domes, a large refectory and, finally, a bell tower as part of the church. Architecture without excesses, for the Baroque style is even modest, but the church breathes sacredness, and this is an indispensable sign of the Moscow baroque.