Some dances of world culture, having acquiredcertain distinctive features, gained mass distribution not only in their homeland, but also outside it. This includes quadrille - a pair dance, which was once salon and eventually spread among the people.
In movements and in the manner of execution, today there have been some changes, but the basic compositional features of this unique historical dance have survived to this day.
Few know that the quadrille is a danceFrench. But there is another version, according to which it first appeared in the late 17th century in England and was called "contredance". This is a dance that originated among the peasantry. There is another opinion on the origin of the name. The essence of it is that the performers are located opposite each other, and the word "contre" from the French language is translated as "against". He became especially popular in the performance of several couples in France, and he was given the name "quadrille".
Dance in decades became very popular andhas appeared practically in all European territory, including Russia where its wide distribution has begun since 19-th century. Once in an unusual atmosphere, the French quadrille absorbed the true Russian traditions. Some differences were noted also depending on the geography of the distribution: in different regions, this magnificent dance was given to movements that were characteristic only of local traditions. For example, in some regions there are kisses during its performance.
Quadrille is a dance that was represented even at the assemblies of Peter I at the beginning of the 18th century.
Conquering the visitors of the highest salons and spectators of the dance halls, the quadrille quickly spread in simple people and turned into one of the favorite dances.
Former figures began to be processed, modified, and new ones began to emerge. All these changes have provided this truly folk dance with a long life.
The name of the dance "quadrille" clearly has common roots withFrench "quadrille", with "cuadrilla" Spanish and with "quadrum" Latin. In this regard, and there are doubts about the country in which this dance arose.
Yet historical sources confirmthe origin of the French, originally as a ballroom dance, formed from the English counter dance. The last dances of peasants in England in the 17th century, and the quadrille itself has already spread in France, and then in other European countries in the 18-19th centuries.
Quadrille is a lively, fast dance. Previously, the pairs were located opposite each other, on a quadrangle, and alternately performed their games. And there was a dance of five figures, which always ended with a general movement of all pairs.
Despite the complexity of the figures, the movements were perfectly practiced and perfected by salon dancers.
Quadrille changed over time, and the names of movements, many of which disappeared, were simply replaced by figures. Some movements have been simplified.
The national quadrille is a dance that has many varieties: Russian and Lithuanian, Ukrainian, Latvian, Estonian, Belarusian and even American. All of them are distinguished by their diversity and originality.
In addition, there may be local variations. For example, the Russian quadrille may be called the Urals, Moscow and Volga.
The Ukrainian quadrille is made up of a multitude of figures that reach 12 by number.
The Belarusian quadrille is a complex of simplicity witha variety of constructions. The total number of figures is from 4 to 12. Distinctive in the Belarusian quadrille is the inclusion of soloing, either separately or in pairs.
It should be noted that later appeared genrechastooshkas quite closely intertwined with this merry dance. What does it look like? Performers during the dance can sing ditties in any order: all together, singly or in pairs. Often the quadrille is performed under many famous songs.
Russian quadrille is a dance that has a feature,associated with the increase in the number of dancing couples and with the fact that in some elements there appeared a shift and each regular figure is separated from the previous movement by stopping the movement simultaneously with the music.
The Russian quadrille represents the following three groups in the form of their construction: angular or square, two-row or linear and circular.
Russian folk dance quadrille has severalfigures with their own names: prohodochka, asterisk, acquaintance, a collar, etc. They are either declared the leader, or given by a pritop or a handkerchief sign for their execution.
Thanks to a combination of amazing playfulness withsimplicity, the quadrille firmly established itself in the culture and everyday life of the Russian people. This dance absorbed many national traditions. Due to this, he changed a lot, in comparison with his original form - quadrille from France.