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Classification of computers

If there is not one in any industry,but several types of devices, they are divided into categories. Computers in this case are no exception. Let's look at the classification of computers. This is what will be discussed next.

Classification of computers by purpose. In this case, they can be divided into specialized and universal. Universal computers allow you to collect on your base a variety of models of varying complexity and composition. For example, the same devices can be used to work with graphics, documents and music. Specialized computers are focused on the solution of a specific specific range of tasks. It is customary to include, for example, on-board computers installed in cars, airplanes, spacecraft. Such devices control the navigation and orientation means, monitor the state of all the systems of the device, perform communication and automatic control functions, and also perform work on optimizing the parameters of the object operation. There are graphic stations, which are specialized mini-computers oriented to work with graphics. File servers are specialized devices that integrate all computers of an organization into a single network. Network servers are computers that are engaged in linking all computers to a single Internet network. Ordinary universal computers very often can quite effectively cope with many tasks assigned to specialized ones, however, it is more efficient to use devices oriented to solving certain tasks.

Classification of computers by size. It is accepted to distinguish between desktop, portable and pocket models. The most widespread are still desktop models. They serve as part of an organized workplace. They are distinguished by the ease of changing the configuration due to the fact that they are easy to connect additional components. The dimensions of the body of most desktop models allow you to perform similar operations without recruiting specialists, which allows you to configure the system in the most optimal way for the tasks that are assigned to the user. Portable models are very convenient for transportation and for use on the road. With them you can work even in the absence of an equipped workplace. Pocket devices perform the functions of notebooks with intelligence. They can store live data, which will be accessed quickly.

Classification of computers by compatibility. At the moment, there are many types and types of these devices in the world. They are produced in different industries, they are assembled from various details, various programs are installed. In this situation, a very important question arises concerning the compatibility of computers with each other. The interchangeability of instruments and assemblies depends entirely on the interchangeability of devices and units that are designed for different computers, the ability to transfer programs from one to another, as well as the ability to work together different types of devices with the same information. The classification of personal computers in this case can relate to both hardware and software compatibility. Compatibility between devices increases if they belong to the same hardware platform, and decreases - if to different.

Classification of computers by processor type. Since the processor is the main component of any computer, its type characterizes the technical properties of the device.

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