Nature is one of those main factors,which cause the emergence of culture. It is for this reason that their interaction for several decades remains an important topic for many scientists, which requires further study. Those studies that have already been conducted have shown that culture is a natural beginning, transformed by human activity. And at the same time, it stands outside biology. Then there arises the quite expected question of whether culture and nature are opposed to each other or whether they are still in harmonious relations.
On the one hand, a person acts absolutelypurposefully, to remake the surrounding world, creating a different, artificial. He calls it culture. In this case, nature is completely opposed to it, since only the elements that have been completely reworked enter the new world.
Sociobiologists are less categorical in this regard. Answering the question about how the culture and nature correlate, they argue that the social behavior of both animals and people is very similar. The difference is only in how much the level of their vital activity is complex. In this case, culture is a separate stage of biological evolution as a whole:
- plants to adapt to a new environment, change their species morphology;
- animals, adapting, acquire additional patterns of behavior;
- a person, in order to adapt to new conditions, complicates or changes only the forms of his own vital activity, as a result of which the artificial habitat itself was formed.
Thus, it is clear that culture and naturedifferentiated very fuzzy. The main difference is how the mechanism of accumulation of experience and its transfer works. Thus, animals use instinct for this purpose, and people - those skills that are developed outside of biology.
Nature and culture are closely interwovenplan that the first gives rise to the second. That is, it appears after the interaction of man with nature. All objects of culture are produced from a substance of natural origin. Thus, if we consider the problem from a given position, then these systems simultaneously and confront each other, and interact. Their unity is expressed in the fact that the basis of culture is the components of nature. And it, in turn, serves as a prerequisite for the emergence of an artificial world. More PP. Florensky once noted that culture and nature can not exist separately, but only with each other.
Since the person came out of the natural,natural habitat, it still affects most aspects of his life. For example, a culture of labor is an area that directly experiences the impact of nature. This refers to the specifics of the occupation and activities in a given locality. A strict division of labor duties between the sexes, generated by the peculiarities of climate, is observed, for example, in the North. So, women there, except for traditional homework, are engaged in dressing the skin, making clothes from it.