Boulevards, squares, squares, parks, alleys and gardens are the main landscaping objects that can be found in any large city. But in this article we will only talk about city parks and squares.
A modern city is hard to imagine withoutgreen plantations. Parks and squares have always been important in the life of a city dweller. So, even in Ancient Greece, along the roads and near the walls of large buildings, trees and bushes were planted in rows. But in the cities of the Roman Empire there was a tradition to lay the so-called "sacred groves" - the prototypes of modern squares.
The role and importance of green spaces in modernlarge megacities is very difficult to overestimate. After all, they do not just purify the air, absorb harmful substances and protect people's houses from dust and noise. They also provide a spiritual connection between man and nature. In other words, a park or an urban park is a kind of "portal" that connects the world of nature with a human organism torn away from it.
The term "park" has Latin roots and is translatedas a "fenced off area." It is worth noting that until the end of the 18th century, the word "garden" was used in Europe, although it is sometimes used today to refer to some city parks (for example, Gorsad in Odessa).
The park is one of the main objects of gardening ina city that is designed for recreation and entertainment of its residents. In any such place, there are necessarily groups of tree and shrub plantations, flower beds, glades, a system of avenues, as well as various small architectural forms (fountains, sculptures, pavilions, etc.).
From English, the word square can be translatedas an "area". Square - this is one of the forms of gardening of urban space, designed for short-term recreation of citizens. From the park it differs only in smaller sizes. The area of the city square usually does not exceed two hectares.
In recreational geography and urban planning, you can find several classifications of urban squares. So, in size they are:
In the form of distinguished:
According to the composition of green plantations, these objects are divided into:
There are also children's, sports, commemorative squares and others.
The square in a large city should perform the following set of functions:
However, the main functions of any objectgardening in the city are ecological and recreational. In other words, green plantations should contribute to the emotional rest of a person after labor activity, and also ensure his inseparable genetic connection with nature.
Square is one of the main forms of gardeningurban space. In the village it is called upon to perform several functions at once: recreational, ecological, educational, aesthetic and cognitive.