The Khusainia Mosque is one of eight historicalmosques of Orenburg. It was built at the end of the XIX century. To date, the Khusainia Mosque in the city of Orenburg is the main religious and cultural center for the large Muslim community of the region.
The unofficial name of Orenburg is "Asiancapital of Russia". And this nickname, obviously, the city received not by chance. As you know, Orenburg was founded in the middle of the 18th century with the goal of establishing diplomatic and trade ties between Russia and the peoples of Central Asia. Soon after the Ural River was built a spacious market area for holding fairs. The dominant position in the market life of Orenburg for a long time was occupied by Tatars.
In the middle of the XIX century in the year lived about 3thousands of Muslims. At the beginning of the last century, their total number increased to 37,000. Most of Orenburg's Muslims were engaged in trade and handicraft production. They willingly sold meat, cattle, wool, flour, fresh and dried fruit to other townspeople.
In the period before 1917 in Orenburg was builteight mosques. The oldest of them (Menoveninskaya) was built in 1785. It was a small square in plan building with two minarets and one dome. In 1930, the cult structure was demolished by the Soviet authorities.
Many historical shrines of Orenburg todayare used for other purposes. Fortunately, the Khusainiya Mosque was returned to believers in the early 1990s. And today it hosts divine services. The minaret of the ancient building stands out above the historical center of the city.
The appearance of a beautiful building on Kirov Streetis obliged to the Tartar merchant and philanthropist Ahmed-bai Khusainov. He was a wealthy man. It was on his funds that, in 1892, the Khusainia Mosque in Orenburg was built by the architect Korin.
Khusainov was a famous person in the city.However, local authorities twice denied him the construction of a mosque. On the third petition the patron has received approval from the city council. This happened on March 4, 1892. In less than two years the mosque was fully prepared for operation. The architecture of the building traces the details of several European styles.
The arrival of a newly-built mosque amounted tonumerous Muslims of the city - artisans, merchants and petty officials. The Khusainia Mosque was closed in 1931. In the building, the dormitory of the pedagogical technical school was first placed. Later it was in the department of the local Ministry of Internal Affairs. In the summer of 1991, according to the decision of the city council deputies, the mosque was transferred to the believers. The Muslims of the city immediately began to rebuild their monastery.
In the early 90's, Muslims of the city looked with horrorto what the mosque has become in the last 60 years. But by common efforts, order in the monastery was prompted very quickly. The building was fully renovated, the yard was completely cleaned of accumulated garbage. In April 1993, the first collective prayer was already read in the mosque. A year later, its minaret was decorated with a golden crescent moon.
Today in the mosque a full listreligious Muslim holidays and ceremonies, as well as lessons on the basics of Islam. Today the Khusainia Mosque is one of Orenburg's business cards. Often it is visited by tourists. All of them note, though very modest, but very beautiful interior decoration of the church. The mosque is open for visits daily, from 8 am to 10:30 pm.
The mosque in the city of Orenburg also operates madrassas(a traditional Muslim educational institution). It was also founded at the end of the 19th century on the initiative and money of Ahmed Khusainov. The madrassa had a 14-class education system. Classes were divided into three initial, four middle, four intermediate and three higher.
Teaching was conducted according to a new method.In addition to traditional subjects, children studied the humanities and natural sciences (in particular, the Russian language). In Khusainia's madrasah there was a library rich in content. Here you could find books and works in Tatar, Turkish, Russian and Arabic.
The Khusainia Mosque is an important focus of Muslim lifenot only Orenburg, but the entire region. It was built in 1892. For a long time the mosque did not perform its direct functions, however, in the early 1990s it was returned to the believers and restored.