Have you ever heard of Rudolf Island? Its geographical position, description and history of discovery are given in the article.
In the north of Europe, in the severe Arctic Oceanthe island of Rudolph lies. It belongs to the archipelago called Franz Josef Land, is its extreme point in the north. It is part of the polar possessions of Russia, belongs to the Primorsky district of the Arkhangelsk region.
Geographic coordinates of the island of Rudolph are: 81 degrees 47 minutes north latitude and 58 degrees 39 minutes east longitude.
Rudolph Island is small. Its area is only 297 km square. The highest point lies in the center and is 460 m above sea level. The climate here is arctic, the average annual temperature is -12 ° C. The island has an unremarkable, deserted and dreary landscape, almost entirely covered with a glacier. There are several nameless lakes on it, which are also covered with ice all year round.
Permafrost reigns here. It seems that in such conditions there can be neither animals, nor vegetation. But this is not so. Flora of the island is represented mainly by mosses and lichens, and there are other plants - polar poppy, polar willow, saxifrage. The local owner is a polar bear, it is rare to find a polar fox, seals, walruses and seals are found in the coastal waters. In the summer, bird's bazaars are formed on the island.
There is no permanentpopulation, since it is not fit for life. There is not a single settlement or any construction of economic significance. People who are on the island are scientists, meteorologists and border guards. Here operates the polar station Rudolph.
The island of Rudolph was discovered in 1873 by the Austro-Hungarian polar expedition of J. Payer, when she explored the Franz Josef archipelago. Named after the Crown Prince of Austria.
Initially, it was assumed that north of thisa patch of land lie other islands, but in 1900 an expedition led by Captain Kanyi established that this is not so. Rudolph Island was the northernmost land of Russia and Europe, as well as the entire Eurasian continent.
On this earth in 1914 the famous polar explorer G.Ya. Sedov, who died during another expedition to the North Pole.
The ice that covers the island reaches a thickness of 500 meters!
The most extreme northern point of the land of the Russian Federation is Cape Fligeli on the island of Rudolph. Here there is a powerful wooden cross from a larch, it weighs 300 kg, it is established in 2003.