Interesting facts about Baikal - the deepest freshwater lake on Earth

The vast expanses of Russia are famous for theirnatural riches. The eighth wonder of the world is called the amazing lake Baikal. Local residents respectfully call it the sea, believe in its special energetics. Interesting facts about Lake Baikal make the lake-sea truly unique: it is the oldest, deepest and crystal clear fresh water. He is the main reservoir of drinking water on the planet.

Map of the lake

interesting facts about Lake Baikal

Listing all the interesting facts about Lake Baikal, beforeit is necessary to pay attention to its area. Baikal is located in the south of Eastern Siberia, between the Irkutsk region and Buryatia. It has the shape of a crescent moon. In length, its length is 630 km, the average width is 50 km. The total area of ​​the reservoir is about 32 thousand square meters. km, that is, on its surface, countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium or Denmark would easily be located. Imagine, only one lake of huge Russia is comparable to the territory of a whole European country!

The reservoir of the reservoir is a huge hollow,the maximum depth of which according to the latest data reaches 1642 m. This is another record. Baikal is the deepest lake on the planet. Tanganyika and the Caspian Sea are after him only in the second and third places. In order to determine the maximum depth of Lake Baikal, scientists have made more than 1.3 million measurements!

The eastern slopes of its basin are gently sloping, while the western shores are rocky, steep.

Interesting facts about Lake Baikal also concern himage. Most scientists define this lake as the oldest on Earth, noting that it was formed 25-30 million years ago. A record figure, considering that other similar reservoirs on our planet live up to 20 thousand years, gradually fading and swamping.

Water resources

Lake Baikal interesting facts

Lake Baikal, interesting facts about which amazeimagination, the most significant reservoir of fresh water in the world. According to rough estimates, its volume is 23.6 thousand cubic meters. km, which equals 20% of all world drinking water supplies. This is more than the total volume of the fluid of the five famous Great Lakes of North America - Ontario, Erie, Upper, Michigan and Huron. This is 25 times more than in Lake Ladoga.

For greater clarity, it can be imagined thatif you pour all the Baikal water on the tanks, then every Russian would have 3000 tank cars! The well-known scientist Kolotilo LG estimated the utilitarian value of Baikal reserves at 236 trillion dollars.

All the above interesting facts about Lake Baikalsignificance for mankind is not equal to the fact that the water of this reservoir is clean, suitable for drinking even without boiling and pre-cleaning. In the 21st century oil and gas pipelines, factories and plants, dumps and nuclear power, this record belongs exclusively to Baikal. The water in it is so clean that its transparency reaches a depth of 40 m.

This factor was decisive for the inclusion of Baikal in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996.

Flora and fauna

Lake Baikal interesting facts for children

What else is Lake Baikal famous for? Interesting facts (especially for children) concern first of all its surprisingly diverse animal and plant world. In the water depths there are more than 2500 species of animals and plants. Most of the living organisms are endemics, i.e. anywhere in the world no longer occur. This is a whitefish, grayling, yellow-winged flora, Baikal sturgeon, reaching a weight of 100 kg, burbot, taimen, omul, a unique viviparous fish golomyanka, which is 40% fat, and others. At great depths live very ancient animals - sponges. The lake is famous for seals - Baikal seals. Scientists have not yet given a clear answer as to how they got here. Presumably - came along the Angara and the Yenisei from the Arctic Ocean.

Studies confirmed thatIn the modern Baikal, once dinosaurs, mammoths and woolly rhinoceroses walked. Now here live bears, noble deer and valuable Barguzin sables. The Asian spindle, musk deer, alkhon vole and many other birds attract the attention of ornithologists around the world.

The coastal zone is rich in unique trees. Along the coast, relic fir trees, mighty Siberian cedars, stilted trees grow. Scientists have found larch, whose age is over 700 years.

Other interesting facts about Lake Baikal

interesting facts about Lake Baikal

What is more attractive this lake? You can enumerate for a long time.

  1. 350 rivers flow into the lake (from the end of the 19th century thisthe figure was not specified). The largest of them are the Upper Angara, Turka, Sarma, Snezhnaya, Barguzin and Selenga rivers. From Lake Baikal follows only 1 river - the Angara.
  2. The reservoir lies in the seismically active zone. Here, earthquakes with a magnitude of 6-7 points were repeatedly recorded, and in August 2008 the earth was shaking with a force of 9.1 points.
  3. Behind the purity of water follows the microscopic endemic crustacean-Baikal epishura, which is an important element of the well-being of the lake ecosystem.
  4. The water in the lake is cold, on the surface it warms up to + 10 ... + 12 degrees on average, in individual sunny bays - up to +15 degrees, at the bottom the temperature is only +2 ... + 4 degrees.

Lake Baikal, interesting facts about which are listed above, asks scientists many questions. Not yet unraveled such unusual phenomena as:

  • huge ice hills, hollow inside, characteristic only for Lake Baikal;
  • large dark rings of unexplained etymology, migrating under the ice;
  • periodically arising over the surface of optical illusions and bright mirages.
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