The whole life of the Chechens was closely connected with theirfamily relations, so the links of their names are given great attention. The surnames and names written off are mainly of Arab and Persian origin, but there are also Russian roots. Blood ties play an important role in the lives of Chechens, all members of the family are closely related.
Back in the olden times Chechen names wereone whole, and accordingly, all members of the family were closely related. If someone from the family was offended, the rest of the relatives stood up for him. Such a related relationship among Chechens has its name "Taip" or "Taipan" - one genus, tribe or one surname. If the Chechens talk about a man, they will definitely specify from which he is a taiga. With respect to the family relationship, all its members call themselves "lice" or "wings", that is, brothers, and "voshalla" means a whole connection with the brotherhood.
In primitive times, when the members of the family name werea little, they were all together, were one family. Later they began to divide themselves into branches and lines. When there were too many members in the family and there was not enough room for living, they began to develop new places, thus separating themselves from their family. But this was not the cause of the collapse of fraternal relations, rather, on the contrary, their relationship only intensified when they recognized each other.
Chechen men's names and surnames are derived fromname of the ancestor. For example, take the name Kutayev. It comes from the name of Kutai, which in translation means "holy month". This name was given to the boys who were born in Ramadan - the holy month, the time of mercy, purification, fasting and forgiveness. Of course, today it is difficult to say exactly how the Chechen names were formed, in particular Kutayev, since this process took a long time. But, despite this, the surname Kutayev is a remarkable monument of culture and writing of the entire Caucasian people.
Chechen men's names have not less thanan interesting history of origin, especially if it is related to the residence of an ancestor or profession. One of the most common names is Tsurgan, which in translation from Chechen means "patchwork". Such a name could have a tailor or a furrier.
The Caucasian people called the polka, in the zurga, thatindicated the abode of the ancestor. Some authors give a number of surnames, which were in vogue in the XVII century. They claim a large number of strange Russian births.
It is interesting that there are Chechen names that sound like the names of Russian or Ukrainian cities, such as Saratov or Kiev.
Chechen languages, like the Ingush, are part of theNakh group. The names of Chechens reflect the specifics of the characteristics of the phonetic system, the lexical unit and the morphological structure. The main thing that is included in the names of the Chechen people:
Chechen surnames are masculine, and also names havea long-standing origin. Some are formed from the names of birds and animals: falcon - Lecha, a hawk - Kuyra, wolf - Borz. Kokkha (pigeon), Chovka (jackdaw) are women's.
Some Chechen women's surnames are written off fromArabic, Persian and Turkic languages. This also applies to masculine surnames. In many cases, names become compound. There are some elements that can be attached to both the beginning and the end of a personal name.
Larisa, Louise, Lisa, Raisa are names that were taken from the Russian language. In some documents there are forms of names in a reduced state, for example, Zhenya and Sasha.
Dialectal differences should be considered whenpronunciation and writing. The fact is that the same word may differ in its sound. For example, at the end of the name, consonants can be stunned: Almahad (Almahat), Abuyazid (Abuyazit), the vowel can change and at the end of the word (Yusup-Yusap, Yunus-Yunas). Regardless of longitude or short, in Chechen names, stress always falls on the first syllable.
Ingush names differ from Chechenfeatures of spelling. A characteristic feature of the Chechen language is the frequent use of the "ah" sound, in contrast to the Ingush. Certain female names are used with the sound "a", while in Ingush there will be the sound "ai". For example, the Chechen name of Asia in Ingush will look like this - Aayzi.
Chechen surnames and patronymic appear veryin a specific way. The father's name should be put only in the genitive case and must be put before the name, and not after, as in Russian or Ukrainian. Chechen - Hamidan Baha, Russian - Baha Hamidanovich. For official documents, Chechens write their names and patronymics in the same way as Russians: Ibragimov Usman Ahmedovich.
Number of Chechen families by descentcan be broken down into percentages: 50% - Russian origin, 5% - Ukrainian, 10% - Belarusian, 30% - the peoples of Russia, 5% - Bulgarian and Serbian. Any surname is formed from a nickname, a name, a residence, an occupation of the ancestor on a man's line.
If we talk about such a name - Chechens, sheis very common not only in Russia, but also in the near abroad. Up to the present day, prerevolutionary letters have come down, in which it is said that the bearers of this family were honorable persons and were members of the Kiev clergy, while at the same time possessing a huge royal privilege. The surname is mentioned in the list of the population census, even during the reign of Ivan the Terrible. The Grand Duke had a special list, in which were very bright surnames. They were given to the court only in a special case. Apparently, the surname has its original origin.
Chechens are very diverse and uniquesurnames, the list of them is great and constantly replenished. Someone has ancient roots and retains his last name, and someone constantly brings in something new, thus changing it. It is interesting to learn in many, many years that you are a descendant of some honorable kind. So you live without suspecting anything, and one day you will learn the true story of your ancestors.