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Occam's razor. Cutting off excess

William Occamah was one of the most popularphilosophers of the XIV century. But modernity knows it only thanks to the authorship of the principle of simplicity. In one of his books, he proposed to cut off all unnecessary complexity, leaving only the mandatory arguments. This principle is called the "Occam Razor" and sounds like this: "You do not need to multiply entities without necessity." In other words, he suggests, wherever possible, to make simple explanations without complicating them.

Occam's razor

Limits of the Occam principle

The principle of "Occam's razor" is thatreasoning should not be cluttered with unnecessary concepts and terms, if you can do without them. His wording changed countless times, but the meaning remained unchanged.

Written a lot of monographs on how the "razor Occam" operates. This principle has become as significant as the elimination of the third in logic or the theory of relativity in physics.

But is the "Occam's razor" applicable in everydaylife? Or it can be used only for scientific purposes? If we talk about the limits of the principle of simplicity, are such situations possible in science, when the economy of thinking does not bring the expected results? And is it always necessary to solve problems in life only as they are received?

The principle of Occam's razor

Of course, such situations are quite real, sincescience, and our everyday life does not flow smoothly and measuredly. In some cases, it is necessary to make special decisions on which the further course of life or scientific events depends. And there comes a time when the obsolete theory is replaced by a completely new one. And at this time it is not necessary to solve the problem with the help of "Occam's razor". Do not cut out the "extra", otherwise you'll miss something very important specifically for you or for humanity as a whole.

Hence, we can conclude that the "razor Occam" is applicable in the case when in science and in life, no qualitative changes are expected.

An example of the application of Occam's formulation

Specialist in the History of Philosophy of the Middle AgesPhilotheus Bener in one of the editions of 1957 reports that "The Razor of Occam" is mainly formulated by the author: "It is not necessary to assert much without necessity." It is worth noting that William Ockham just voiced the principle of simplicity, known since the time of Aristotle. In logic, it is called the law of sufficient reason.

For an example of a situation to which you can applyThe principle of Occam can be given the answer that the physicist and mathematician Laplace gave to Emperor Napoleon. Allegedly the latter told the scientist that his theories are not enough space for God. To which Laplace replied: "I did not need to consider this hypothesis."

If you reformulate the principle of simplicity and economy in the language of information, it will look like this: "The most accurate message is a short message."

Occam's Razor

This rule can be attributed to the current andToday, the requirements of the concretization of concepts. Each of the definitions used should be accurate to exclude the possibility of creating superfluous, pretending to be all-embracing.

In logic, saving initial assumptionsis that none of the accepted theses should follow from the others. That is, in the proof of the axiom there should not be superfluous statements that do not have a direct relation to it. Although this saving rule is not mandatory.

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