The question of what is the spiritual and moral guidelines of a person is the basic problem of such a science as ethics. It is from the point of view of the category of good as the highest value and one must consider them.
In ethics, the question of what is the spiritual and moral guidelines of a person, what is their function, is solved with the help of definitions of the concepts "spirituality" and "morality".
Consider these concepts in more detail.
The concept of spirituality involves two interpretations: secular and religious.
In terms of the first of these, spirituality isthe desire of man to embody in his life higher values such as good, beauty and truth, to realize oneself through love to the world around him and reach the ideal.
From the point of view of a religious position, spirituality is understood as a deep connection between a person and God, achieving unity with him and initiating the process of "deification" of a person's personality.
At the same time, both secular and religious positionssuggest that the source of spirituality is conscience, which is interpreted as a sense of the connection between man and God (religious position) or a sense of inner harmony and justice (secular position).
The concept of morality presupposes morespecific interpretation. Usually, this phenomenon involves a part of the universal human culture, which contains universal moral values, moral norms, rules of behavior, knowledge, beliefs.
On the question of what is spiritual and moralyou can answer in the following way: they are spiritual and moral indicators, which include such values as conscience, love, good, sense of duty, beauty, desire for truth, desire for justice, striving for an ideal.
We have established that the spiritual and moral guidelinesrights are his values and beliefs. This is an attitude of personality, through which it can not transgress. They regulate a person's conscious activity and help him find his place in the world, being a kind of core of his consciousness.
In fact, the decency of a person depends on the fact,how important in this life are these benchmarks. For example, not everyone can commit acts of theft, treason or betrayal, because not all people are allowed to do their conscience, in other words, their spiritual and moral guidelines.
A certain part of people are called"People with a burned conscience," they are capable of unseemly acts because they do not see in them the degree of evil that really exists there. They are people with lost spiritual and moral landmarks.
A significant role in the formation of spiritual and moralthe man's orientations are played by the rule formulated in ancient times, which is usually called the "golden rule of morality." His description can be found in the oldest texts, as well as in the texts of the New Testament.
It reads as follows: "Do not treat others as you would not want them to do to you."
This rule is very simple.However, if people who knew about him really embodied him in their lives, there would be much less evil, injustice and misery on earth. The whole trouble is that many of us, following the sad words of one of the apostles, know where the good is, but they do not follow it, they know where the evil is, but they do the atrocities.
Speaking about the spiritual and moral guidelines of a person, one can not help saying that there is a need to organize spiritual and moral education.
About how to educate such a noble person, thought of the teachers of antiquity. And today on this topic written a lot of work.
As a rule, they boil down to the fact that parents andteachers are advised to instill spiritual and moral guidelines for children with their life example. After all, if the parents tell the child to act fairly and honestly with the surrounding people, but in their behavior are far from ideal, the child will most likely inherit their bad example, not paying attention to their noble words.
There is a basic state document called the "Strategy for the development of education in the Russian Federation for the period until 2025".
This document proposes a list ofspiritual and moral values, determines their role in the process of cultural development of our country, provides a concept of what is the spiritual and moral guidelines of a person, what is their role.
This strategy was created by a group of leading Russian scientists.
The spiritual and moral guidelines of a person, theirrole in human activities described in sufficient detail. We give only a brief list of such values as humanism (or philanthropy), honor, justice and conscience, will, faith in good, personal dignity, the desire to fulfill one's duty, including the moral, the love of one's family , The Fatherland and the people.
As we see, this list of basicspiritual and moral orientations includes in the first place those values that are most important for the formation of the personality of a citizen and a person. Their development in people will undoubtedly contribute to the harmonization of social relations and the construction of a more just society.
Thus, we tried to answerquestions about what is the spiritual and moral guidelines of a person, what is their role in people's activities. Without spiritual and moral values, the world would turn into something terrible, and the living would envy the dead. It is these qualities that live in the hearts of people that keep the world from the chaos and dominion of evil.