Asia is the largest part of the world in ourplanet. The population of Asia is characterized by ethnic diversity, an extremely high rate of growth and the largest in the world. Details of the residents of the region are found in the article.
Asia is a large part of the continent of Eurasia. Among all parts of the world it covers the largest territory, the area of which is 44.5 million square kilometers. It is the largest developing region in the world, occupying about 30% of terrestrial land.
The main territory is located in the northern andeastern hemisphere, some Asian islands are located in the southern hemisphere. Due to the considerable size, almost all types of climate are present in the region - from the equatorial in the south and ending in the Arctic in the north.
From the north, east and south Asia is washed by the NorthArctic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The waters of the Atlantic Ocean touch this part of the world through the seas (Black, Aegean, Marmara, Azov) in the southwest. In the west, there is a conditional land border with Europe (along the Ural Mountains, the Manych and Kume Rivers). Numerous islands are located in the Pacific and Indian oceans.
Relying on physical and geographical features,the region is divided into North, East, South, West, Middle, South-East and South-West Asia. According to the UN - to the Eastern, Central, Western, South-East and South Asia. However, there are other classifications.
The population of Asia is very diverse and a record number. Within its borders there are more than one thousand different peoples and nationalities.
In many sources one can come across the concept of"Foreign Asia". It arose in Soviet times and was firmly entrenched in Russian geography. Now the term is used to refer to Asian countries that are not part of the CIS. In the Far East, there are four subregions: South, East, South-West and South-East Asia.
Political map of the region repeatedlymodified, mainly because of wars and colonialist seizures. For a long time, Jordan, India, Pakistan, Israel, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and other countries were controlled by Britain. The territories of Indochina were colonies of France, Indonesia belonged to the Netherlands, the Philippines to the USA, etc. After the end of the Second World War, the process of decolonization began in this part of the world. In 1984, Brunei became the last country to be liberated from its colonialist - Great Britain.
At present, the region consists of 39 sovereignstates. Most of them are republics (China, Syria, Israel Pakistan, etc.). In 13 countries - a monarchical system. At the same time, five of them (Brunei, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates) are absolute, the remaining nine - to constitutional monarchies. In Brunei and Saudi Arabia, the ruler of the state is also the head of the church.
Total on Earth lives about 7billion people, and 60% of them are residents of the Asian region. The population of Asia is 4.2 billion. In terms of quantity, India and China are leading. Only their inhabitants make up 40% of all mankind. Indonesia, the Philippines, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Japan have a high population.
The total population density of Asia is 87 people.for one square. km. Of course, in different countries, the figures may vary significantly. For example, in Mongolia per square kilometer there are only 2 people, and in Singapore - 7 607. In densely populated areas, Singapore is the second largest in the world and the first among Asian countries.
In many countries, such as Thailand, Korea,Vietnam, Myanmar, is home to several tens of millions of people. The population of Asian countries is increasing very rapidly, in some states even the situation of a demographic explosion is observed. The highest rate of growth is recorded in South-West Asia (Palestine, Oman, Afghanistan, Jordan). The lowest indicators are in East Asia, especially China and Japan (due to an active demographic policy).
The population of foreign Asia is characterized byextreme diversity. Over a thousand ethnic groups speak five hundred different languages. About 107 peoples numbered several million people. The most numerous peoples are the Chinese, Bengalis, Japanese and Hindustans. After them, Telugu, Vyet, Punjabi, Koreans, Javanese go.
The most heterogeneous ethnic composition is observed inIndia. The country has more than 500 nations and tribal groups, which makes it the most multinational not only in Asia, but also in the world. Ethnic diversity is also represented in Afghanistan, Iraq, the Philippines, Indonesia. The most uniform composition is owned by Bangladesh and Japan.
The peoples who make up the population of Asia do notare limited to the limits of one state. Bengalis, for example, live in India and Bangladesh. Approximately 40 million ethnic Chinese are inhabited by many countries in Southeast Asia. Kurds do not have their own country, they live in Syria, Turkey, Iraq.
In Asia, there were three world religions:Buddhism, Christianity and Islam. The population of foreign Asia, which adheres to Islam, is 20%. They are mostly residents of Western and South-West Asia. In many countries, Islam is the state religion. A large number of Muslims are also in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Indonesia.
In the southern, eastern and south-eastern part of the regionBuddhism and its branches are widespread. The adherents of this religion in Asia are approximately 550 million. There are quite few supporters of Christianity in this part of the world. He is professed in Cyprus, the Philippines, Lebanon and Indonesia.
Among other national religions in China is widelyConfucianism is widespread, Shinto is in Japan. Adherents of Hinduism live mainly in India, Nepal, Bangladesh. The main religion of Israel is Judaism.
In Asia there are 39 independentstates. In terms of population and color, Overseas Asia is not inferior to any of the regions of the modern world. The population of Asian countries is striking in its ethnic diversity. Here live hundreds of peoples, each of which has its own culture, language and religion.