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Types of domestic cockroaches. View of cockroaches eating eyelashes (photo)

Cockroaches can turn into a nightmare for the house oranother place in which people live. When such "neighbors" appear, it is not a simple task to deduce them. Once insects occupy a room with suitable conditions, their numbers grow with geometric progression. And you can withdraw them only if you determine the exact type of cockroaches.

kind of cockroaches

Years of study

Science knows about the existence of about 5000 speciescockroaches. In homes and apartments about 55 of them can live, but often we come across only a few. Almost everyone is afraid of big cockroaches. And in this there is nothing strange: these insects can hardly be called pleasant neighbors.

Can cockroaches fly? They can, since they have wings, reduced only in some species. The flying insect causes even greater horror in people panicking fearful cockroaches. In nature there is only one species of these insects, capable of easy flight. However, it does not occur on the territory of our country. By the way! It is believed that every ten years there is a new kind of cockroaches.

Insects prefer rooms in which heatand humid. The activity of these creatures manifests itself at night, which prevents their timely detection. The length of the body of insects is different and can vary from 0.4 to 10 cm. The head is in the form of a triangle, flattened in the dorsoventral direction. The mouthpiece is a gnawing type, and the mouth opening is at the bottom.

Black beetle

Black cockroaches are the most common. Food is served to them in fresh and spoiled form. In areas with a warm climate, they live even on the street. In fact, the house for black cockroaches is only a small part of their range. And the definition of a black big cockroach is quite broad. Their color can vary from rich brown to black.

The size of this kind of cockroaches also has a different. The term "large" in a disinfection specialist is perceived literally (centimeters ten). However, in reality the insect body does not exceed 3 cm in length in females. By the way, their presence in the room is a sign of poor sanitary conditions. They dwell in tanks with garbage, toilet rooms and other similar places. Not surprisingly, these creatures are the bearer of many diseases. The horror causes only the appearance of cockroaches. Photo of insects is clearly demonstrating.

species of cockroaches

Red cockroach

Red cockroach is one of the species with the widest range. Basically, we meet them. They accompany a person wherever he leaves the remnants of food.

The structure of red and black cockroaches is identical. Only the first have an elongated body with a rust-brown chitinous cover. The popular name is the Prussian. Red kinds of house cockroaches surround a person everywhere.

view of cockroaches photo

American cockroach

The size of the American cockroach can reachfour centimeters. They feed on almost everyone and have high fertility. A considerable growth rate and the ability to survive make it necessary to talk seriously about this representative of cockroaches.

Moving American cockroaches can everywhere,even on the ceiling. In case of danger, this insect exudes a stinking liquid that causes an instant allergy in the opponent. It can be attributed to long-livers among the cockroach family. If you find this creature in your home immediately contact the appropriate service for their removal. American cockroach in the fight for food can even attack a pet! Agree, these creatures are very unpleasant neighbors.

We listed the most famous types of cockroaches. Next, let's talk about those who, at a meeting, can cause surprise and even amazement.

new kind of cockroaches

Albanian cockroaches

This is a rather rare phenomenon, neverthelesscausing discomfort. He looks like an insect that threw away the shell during molting. The procedure for changing the chitinous cover (molting) occurs up to 8 times during the life of the cockroach. Then it becomes quite light, but soon chitin is formed again.

Albinos are endowed with a colorless shell. This phenomenon is also found among other species of animals and plants. It is worth remembering that albinos are the same pests as other cockroaches. How many species of cockroaches known to scientists, it is difficult to say. Approximate number of them - five thousand, other sources call the figure 4600. Albinos can be any insects.

kind of cockroaches eating eyelashes

Which individuals get into the houses?

Not all kinds of cockroaches tend to get into the house. But if Red Prussians got into the dwelling, then the struggle is serious. Those tenants, who were already engaged in breeding cockroaches, remember their quickness. It is difficult to find out exactly where these insects came from. But the main reasons for their appearance in the apartment are known:

  • dirty dishes in the sink, which is not washed for a long time;
  • garbage with food leftovers, which is rarely taken out of the house;
  • neighbors who already have cockroaches.

Increased risk of insect peststhose who live near dining rooms and cafes. There are cases when cockroaches are simply brought from work. Maintenance of cleanliness in the house (first of all in the kitchen) is the main means of preventing the appearance of disgusting insects. Even a single cockroach, trapped in a house, can multiply rapidly. By the way, it also happens that insects appear in those who zealously monitor the cleanliness of the home.

Reproduction of different species

Knowing the basics of the life cycle of cockroaches will helpprevent their appearance and facilitate the process of eliminating unwanted guests. One female is capable of giving life to 40 young individuals. Their number depends on the number of larvae in the egg that is hatched by the female. Outwardly, this egg looks more like a sack. All kinds of cockroaches in the apartment multiply year-round.

During her life the female lays eggs up to 4 times. It is problematic to detect such masonry. Another feature of the vital activity of these creatures is their ability to leave labels at food and water sources for their relatives.

But get rid of any of the types of cockroachescomplicated. Sometimes even expensive drugs can not cope with this task. Disinsectors are advised to take preventive measures to prevent the appearance of these creatures in your housing, because destroying them will be quite problematic.

It is common knowledge that these insects can spoilFood. Most people think that they only eat crumbs and scraps. In fact, cockroaches can get to the food contained in a thin shell. Also attacked are products made of leather, books, flowers, paper wallpaper. Individuals that feed on excrement can tolerate pathogens of dangerous diseases, including parasites. For this reason it is better to prevent their occurrence within the walls of the house.

kinds of house cockroaches

Lifespan

Perhaps you remember the joke that cockroachesexisted before the dinosaurs and survived them for many thousands of years. In this joke is just a joke, and the rest, alas, is true. The remains of cockroaches are, along with the remains of cockroach, the most numerous traces of insects in the Paleozoic deposits. Cockroaches adapt very well to changing conditions. For life they need only water and food.

Life expectancy is determined by the availabilityfood. Different types of cockroaches live their own time. Prusaks can survive without food for up to a month, and black can last up to 70 days. In conditions of food shortage, cannibalism is widespread among them. And sometimes cockroaches are able to bite people.

Perhaps you will be surprised, but these creatures can livewith missing head! The experiments carried out are staggering: an insect devoid of head will live for several more weeks. This is explained by the peculiarities of the structure. They breathe the whole surface of the body. Spread across the body of the nervous system retains the basic reflexes. However, the headless creature will practically lose its orientation in the surrounding world, can not remember and learn.

Insect bites

Cockroaches bite when they ariseshortage of food or water. Obviously, bites are not a manifestation of savage aggression, but only a way to make up for the missing food and survive. The most affected are the following parts of the body:

  • elbows and knee folds, eyelids, lips (bite off particles of the skin);
  • skin near the eyes and lips (bite women and children during sleep);
  • skin in the nasolabial fold.

Recall that cockroaches bite - it's disgusting,vile and dangerous. The site of damage to the skin can become inflamed. Sometimes an infected infection can spread into the wound. Pests sometimes bite off eyelashes and eyebrows in a child's sleep. Injury already existing skin lesions.

Eating cockroaches can sweat, secretionssebaceous glands, saliva and feces. It can be said with certainty: the bites of cockroaches are quite a dangerous thing. Damaged places almost always swell and become inflamed.

There is an opinion that there is a kind of cockroaches eating eyelashes. In practice, almost all members of the family can eat the hair follicles of the human body.

types of cockroaches in the apartment

Allergy to cockroaches

People are often allergic to cockroaches. Allergens penetrate in different ways: with air, with food, directly on contact. According to doctors, most of the patients with bronchial asthma are susceptible to allergies to cockroaches. The consequences of this pathology can be very different:

  • The feeling of stuffiness in the habitats of pests.
  • Poor state of health when cleaning in an apartment with cockroaches.

By the way, allergies can cause any kind ofcockroaches. Photo of insects and then provokes an attack of cruel disgust, what can we say about "meeting face to face"! And if you also take into account that "close acquaintance" is fraught with serious consequences, it is not surprising that people try to get rid of uninvited neighbors by any truths and falsities.

You can avoid troubles if you follow simple rules of indoor hygiene:

  • Control the serviceability of plumbing equipment.
  • In good time, wash the dishes and keep it in a specially designated place.
  • Always take the garbage out of the house, not allowing it to stagnate.
  • A bucket with garbage must be sealed, so that they are not interested in insects.

These simple guidelines will help to prevent the appearance of pests in the house and to avoid their return after exile.

how many kinds of cockroaches

Where hiding cockroaches

Many people know the appearance of a cockroach, but to find it- the task is not easy. Usually we learn about their presence at a time when insects already feel free in the vastness of our home and do many dirty deeds. If a landlord wants to know about an unpleasant neighborhood before, he can follow simple recommendations that will help to find the habitat of uninvited guests.

Firstly, almost any kind of cockroaches like dark dirty places. As for everything else, the main signs of the presence of cockroaches are:

  • On the tile and furniture are visible black dots - excrement of insects;
  • an unpleasant, peculiar odor is felt;
  • in the cracks are seen cockroach eggs.

It is not uncommon for a host to see all of this, but notsharpens his attention to this. So it can continue for a while until the cockroaches start running around the house. It should not be forgotten that if even minor traces of the insects considered by us were caught, it is certainly worth declaring war on them.

Start by carefully checking everythingsecluded places in the kitchen, in which parasites could hide. Perhaps your fears will be confirmed if you find irrefutable evidence of their presence. Then carefully wash the plates, pans and other utensils on which food particles could remain. Examine all food to see if their cockroaches have spoiled them. Because in case of spoilage, they will continue to use them for food.

Instead of an afterword

If you find uninvited guests, you should notto leave a solution to the problem "for later" or to let things go on their own. Every day is important. The sooner you start destroying pests, the less damage to your family and housing you will come out victorious from this fierce struggle.

Now you know how many species of cockroaches can become uninvited neighbors in your home. We hope that the information was useful to you. After all, he is forewarned - that means he is armed!

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