Morphology is a science that studies parts of speech. Consequently, morphological analysis makes it possible to understand the essence of the grammatical attributes of words or entire sentences.
To properly parse the word, you need to know what features each part of speech has. It is worth noting that to start parsing any word must be put in its initial form.
So, to parse the noun, you need to determine the gender, declination, case or number, a kind of own / nominal, and animate / inanimate.
For a verb - a kind, conjugation, forms of a verb,time / number, person, transitivity, recurrence. For adjectives, you need to determine their relativity (adjectives have types: qualitative / relative / possessive), form (short / full), case, number / gender, and degree of comparison.
For numeral it will be enough to determinecomplexity, species - ordinal / quantitative, and also case / gender / number. Morphological analysis of adverbs will require knowledge of the ranks - personal / possessive / relative / determinative / interrogative / recurrent / indicative / negative, variability, degrees of comparison. These categories cause great difficulty. Morphological analysis of the word-pronoun also requires the definition of rank, face, number / gender and case. For participles, the characteristic features will be the form - real / passive, the form - full / short, as well as the species, number / gender / time. And for the gerunds it will only be necessary to determine the immutability and the species.
As for the service parts of speech, for themthe scheme of morphological analysis is the same: first you need to name part of the speech, then determine with what case it is used - for the preposition, the discharge - for the particles, and also the form - the composition / subordination for the unions, the last point in the analysis will be which part of the sentence is part speech.
Morphological analysis of the text providesunderstanding the text, revealing its structural features, the correct definition of the type of speech - narrative / reasoning / description, and writing style - book / colloquial / scientific.
Morphological analysis helps to identify allgrammatical features of the word proposed for parsing. Knowing the types, discharges and other features of each part of speech allows you to do this easily and quickly. Frequent training assignments will help students to practice skills in determining parts of speech. This is very important, since at the Uniform State Exam such tasks cause great difficulties for the graduates.