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Alexander the Great: Biography of the Conqueror

Alexander of Macedon, whose biographydemonstrates to us the irrepressible desire of man for a grandiose dream, became one of the most important characters of ancient history. Even in ancient times, he became known as the glory of the greatest commander in the world. And it is no coincidence that this ruler succeeded in creating a colossal empire.

Alexander the Great: brief biography

alexander macedonian biography

The father of the future commander was the Macedonian kingPhilip II, who managed to subjugate a significant part of the Greek territories by the middle of the IV century. Alexander of Macedon, whose biography begins around 356 BC, was born in the capital of the state - Pellet. In his childhood he managed to get a brilliant education. Much is said about the fact that the young man was brought up by the most famous thinker of the ancient era, Aristotle. The latter sought to instill in his ward the qualities of an ideal sovereign - wise, just and courageous. The ideas of the philosopher greatly influenced the further policy of the great ruler.

Alexander the Great: biography of the first period of government

The young warrior ascended the throne already at twentyyears, after his aristocratic conspirators killed his father Philip. Over the next two years (from 336 to 334 years BC), the new ruler was busy recovering the shaken

alexander macedonian short biography
empire. After bringing order in the country and eliminating the threat from the northern Thracian tribes, Alexander turns his gaze beyond the borders of his own state. His father for a long time nurtured the intention to finally break the Persian state, by that time already more than one and a half centuries was the main rival of Hellas. This dream was realized by his son.

Alexander the Great: biography of brilliant years

In 334 BC. e. Alexander's armies crossed to Asia and began to advance deep into the possessions of the Persians. The general battle took place in the same year on the Granik River, after which a significant part of Asia Minor was in the hands of the Macedonians. It was after this battle that the young commander consolidated the glory of the greatest conqueror. However, he did not stop there. The next two campaigns of Alexander were also

the battle of Alexander the Macedonian
are directed to the East, but now it is almost notmet with any serious resistance. So it was taken by Egypt, where the ruler founded a city that was named after him - Alexandria. Some resistance was rendered in the central regions of Persia, but after the Battle of Gaugamela in 331, King Darius III was defeated, and the city of Babylon became the capital of the Macedonian Empire. Many noble Persians after that went over to his side. By 328, almost all of Central Asia was conquered, after which the ambitious commander began to prepare an invasion of India. This campaign took place in 325 BC. e. However, the heavy battles of Alexander the Great over the Indus River greatly depleted his army, which had been in campaigns for many years without returning to their homeland. The murmuring of the army made the ruler turn back to Babylon. Here he spent a short rest of his life, having still married a noble Persian, but suddenly died in 323 BC. e. After the death of the great conqueror, his state could not be kept in unity, and it broke up into several small formations.

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