Like any other science that exists inmodern world, has its goals and subjects of study. The main subject of pedagogy as a science is upbringing. This is a special function that is inherent only in human society. Proceeding from this, the structure of pedagogy as a science is determined.
What is upbringing? This is the process of creation by the society of special conditions of material, spiritual and organizational nature that are aimed at assimilating the skills acquired by the ancestors of the future generation. The main tasks of pedagogy as a science are based on this, in order to prepare the future personality for rotation in society and the performance of productive work, without wasting time and effort on the invention of what has already been tested by the experience of many previous generations.
Education as a phenomenon is studied by many sciences,including sociology, ethnography, psychology and even economics. Each of them considers this complex process from the point of view. If we consider in general, then sociology is interested in education on the part of the problem of socialization of the individual. Ethnography is characterized by an interest in the peculiarities of the educational process among different nationalities on the globe. The economy studies education in terms of its effectiveness with the participation of the individual in the creation of material values. And the subject of pedagogy as a science is the essence of upbringing, those patterns that lie at its basis. And, the tasks of pedagogy as a science in this sense are to develop theories and various technologies of upbringing. That is, speaking in understandable language, pedagogy as a science develops tools for influencing the best aspects of the personality, which are revealed as a result of the educational process. Those universal values that are the most expensive for society, pedagogy directs to the development of personal qualities, which should benefit the person, first of all, to the person himself, and hence to society as a whole.
The accumulation and perception of human experience occurs through education. This determines that the structure of pedagogy as a science consists of the following subsections:
Thus, pedagogy is one of the important sciences involved in the formation of a person as an individual.