How to remember a large amount of information is a question,which never lost its relevance. In our time it is particularly acute. In the modern information world, computer technology, television, and the global virtual network are helping to memorize information. They contribute to the systematization of the material, its processing and, consequently, memorization. But here there are "pitfalls". Often, information is stored in an involuntary way, by itself, in addition to our desire. Each of us was faced with the fact that some phrase from the program, an advertising slogan, or just a couplet from a popular hit was suddenly stuck in my head.
Types of memory
To understand how to memorize a large volumeinformation, eliminating unnecessary layers, remember the main types of memory. These include visual, auditory, motor, emotional and logical. Visual or visual memory is the memorization of visual images. Auditory memory is the memorization of information heard. Emotional - is associated with feelings experienced, sensations. Motor or motor memory involves memorizing the movements of the human body.
Memory, profession and personal characteristics
Determining with your type of memory, you will becomeit is clear how to memorize a large amount of information, based on your psycho-individual characteristics. Let's give a concrete example. Two medical students were preparing for the exam in anatomy. Thinking about how to memorize a lot of information, terms in Latin, one of the students composed one word from the first letters of the names of bones: otofergum. For all its senselessness, the word turned out to be sonorous and was an excellent cheat sheet for reminding names of terms. He had to utter a word, and in the memory of the chain "popped up" complex medical names. In this case, auditory memory was used. By the way, the second student did not help the way: he had a bad auditory memory. In life situations, a mixed type of memory is most often used. Representatives of the acting profession know how to memorize a large amount of information, while memorizing, for example a new role. They activate the emotional memory, which evokes images of the experience or feeling experienced. Pronounce the text aloud, listening to their own intonation, expression, accompanied by certain gestures. This helps to get used to the role, and remember the words of the text. The visual form of memory is well developed among artists. A portrait painter can write a portrait from memory. A landscape artist is able to memorize dozens of color shades. The motor type of memory is well known to athletes, as doing sports, training muscles are associated with certain repetitive movements.
Ways of remembering
How to memorize a lot of information in a lesson, improvethe efficiency of the presentation of the material is a matter of relevance to teachers and teachers. Most often they use a technique that allows the use of various types of memory. Remember English words in a foreign lessonlanguage helps 4 actions: writing a word (there is a visual perception), writing it into your notebook, uttering (playing). But this is only the first phase of memorization, when short-term memory is activated. To fix the vocabulary in memory, you need to beat it in context, situations, repeat. After all, no one abolished the old golden rule: repetition is the mother of learning. To better remember, you need to concentrate on the memorization process. Scattering is the enemy of memory. Make an association with a previously familiar way, it can be funny and unexpected. You can draw funny drawings. Preparing for the report, systematize the material. This can be done with the help of cards. On each card in the form of short abstracts write down the main thoughts. They will serve as reminders of the sequence of presentation. Both verbal-logical and visual memory are involved.
Memory is not a luxury, but a vital necessity. And its effectiveness in many ways depends on ourselves.