In the theory of state and law there is a conceptmechanism of the state. This mechanism is an integral hierarchical structure of organizations that perform functions and implement the tasks facing a particular country. Such organizations operate on the basis of common principles of organization and work, as well as common for all their purposes.
The mechanism of the state is the structural and objective embodiment of the country. Its structure depends on the functions it imposes on itself. It consists of the following elements:
state bodies vested with powerauthority. These include: the government, parliament, committees, ministries, etc. Their peculiarity is that they are vested with power and accept generally binding managerial decisions;
State organizations that are needed to carry out security activities on a national scale. This is the security service, the police, the armed forces, etc .;
State institutions that carry outgeneral social functions in various spheres (in healthcare, economics, education, science, culture, etc.). Thus, the state mechanism includes hospitals, schools, theaters, post, museums, and other organizations;
state enterprises that carry outeconomic and economic activity. They are necessary for the production of products, the performance of various kinds of work and the provision of services, the extraction of profits, the satisfaction of the needs of citizens;
civil servants engaged in management activities. Depending on the powers granted to them, they can be classified into the following types:
- officials, whose activities are related to the direct execution of the powers of the state body (ministers, deputies, head of government, etc.);
- persons carrying out activities to ensure the authority of the above-mentioned employees (consultants, assistants and advisers);
- officials holding posts established by state bodies for execution and ensuring their authority (specialists, referents, etc.);
- persons who do not have administrative powers (teachers of universities, doctors in municipal hospitals and other employees who receive salaries from the state budget);
organizational and financial resources required to ensure the activities of the state apparatus, as well as the forces for its normal functioning.
State bodies are the main element of the mechanism. Their system is formed by the state machinery, endowed with power to exercise state power.
The mechanism of the state and its characteristics
The mechanism of the state is a systemstate bodies, which are interrelated with each other. It includes the president and his administration, legislative bodies, prosecutors, courts, armed forces, etc., which constitute a unified system of power.
The integrity of the mechanism of the state is ensured by the single tasks and goals that unite state bodies in a single organism, promote the coherence of their actions.
The mechanism of the state is the means by which power is exercised in the country and the necessary result is achieved.
Its main element is state bodies, vested with power.
The mechanism of the state does not remain unchanged. It is influenced by both external and internal factors. These include the international situation, the established relations with other countries, the level of economic development achieved, religious and moral, national-psychological and cultural-historical features, the territorial dimensions of the country, the balance of political forces and much more.