The nineteenth century is called the golden age of the Russianpoetry. In this period, romanticism and sentimentalism are replacing classicism for beloved literary men. A little later realism is born, gradually replacing the idealization of the world. It was in the nineteenth century that literature reached its peak, and the contribution made to it by Russian poets of the 19th century is invaluable. Their list is really great, among him there are such well-known names as Alexander Pushkin, Mikhail Lermontov, Athanasius Fet, there are also little-known, but talented Vladimir Raevsky, Alexei Khomyakov, Sergei Durov and many others.
The nineteenth century was by no means a mere periodfor Russia: a series of wars was waged for trade routes, Napoleon's military campaign followed, followed by the Decembrist uprising, then again war, abolition of serfdom. All this became tremendous shocks for the country. Against the backdrop of such events, literature developed. Great Russian poets of the 19th century wrote about their love for the homeland, the beauty of Russia, the hard life of the common man and the idleness of the noble life, they talked a lot about the place of man in this world, about the opposition of the individual to society. Classicism created the image of an ideal person, romanticism elevated it above the grayness of life, sentimentalism surrounded the lyrical hero with stunning landscapes - poetry of the early nineteenth century sought to idealize the world. They used a huge number of trails, played with foreign words, brought to perfection a rhyme - all to reflect the ideal. Later, realism began to appear, within which poets-classics no longer disdained prototypical expressions, experiments with the form of a poem: the main task was the demonstration of reality with all its shortcomings. The nineteenth century is a century of contradictions, it miraculously combined the ideality and imperfection of the world in which poets lived.
Krylov marked the beginning of fables in Russian literature.His name is so strongly associated with this genre that it has become something of a sustainable expression, like Aesop's fables. This unusual for that time form of lyrics, Ivan Andreevich chose to demonstrate the vices of society, showing them through the images of various animals. Fables are so simple and interesting that some of their lines have become winged expressions, and the variety of themes allows you to find a lesson for any occasion. Krylov saw as an example for imitation of many Russian poets of the 19th century, whose list would not be complete without a great fabulist.
With realism and the peasantry more often than notNekrasov is associated, and very few people know that many other Russian poets sang their people and his life. Surikov's poems differ in melody and simplicity. This is what allowed to put some of his works on music. Here and there the poet purposely uses words that are peculiar not to the lyricists, but to the peasants. The themes of his poems are close to each person, they are far from as sublime as Pushkin's idealized poetry, but at the same time they are not inferior to anything. The amazing ability to demonstrate the life of ordinary people, to show their feelings, to talk about some everyday situations so that the reader is immersed in the atmosphere of peasant life - these are the components of the lyrics of Ivan Surikov.
And in the famous Tolstoy family there were Russian poets 19century. The list of eminent relatives was supplemented by Alexey Tolstoy, famous for his historical plays, ballads and satirical poems. In his works he sounds love to his native land, chanting his beauty. A distinctive feature of the poems is their simplicity, which gives the lyrics sincerity. The source of the poet's inspiration was the people, which is why there are so many references to historical themes and folklore in his work. But at the same time Tolstoy shows the world in bright colors, admires every moment of life, trying to capture all the best feelings and emotions.
Many poets in the nineteenth century were engaged intranslation of poems from other languages, Weinberg was no exception. They say that if in a prose the translator is a co-author, then in poetry he is a rival. Weinberg translated a huge number of poems from the German language. For the translation from the German drama "Maria Stuart" Schiller, he was even awarded the prestigious prize of the Academy of Sciences. In addition, this amazing poet worked on the works of Shakespeare, Goethe, Heine, Byron and many other eminent writers. Of course, it is difficult to call Weinberg an independent poet. But in his translation of the verses he retained all the features of the author's lyrics, which allows us to speak of him as a truly poetically gifted person. The Russian poets of the 19th century made an invaluable contribution to the development of world literature and translations. A list of them would be incomplete without Weinberg.
Russian poets have always been an inseparable partliterature. But it was the nineteenth century that was particularly rich in talented people, whose names forever entered the history of not only Russian but also world poetry.