In 1864 he created the poem Nekrasov "Railway". The summary of the work will be considered in this article.
The triumph of the victorious revolutionary democratsNot only Nekrasov felt the reaction. The "railway" is a short narrative about the narrow framework between the hunger and overworked labor that the entire people were put in. The defenders of the people, the critics of the sixties, who were called the "people's conscience": Dobrolyubov and Pisarev, have passed away. I went to a distant link Chernyshevsky.
The power in 1861 was unprepared, obvalnoabolished serfdom. As you know, 75% of estates in serf Russia were non-mechanized. The patriarchal village was opened for capitalist relations. The collapse of inefficient farms began. On the labor market came a huge mass of almost free labor. Former peasants went to any work, almost for food. Social catastrophes were brewing. As a reflection on the fate of Russia in his journal Contemporary, Nekrasov publishes his own poem, The Railroad. The summary of it immediately became the subject of discussion of the entire Russian society.
The most dramatic work of Nekrasovbegins everyday. As if the first lines of her poetry were written in watercolor. Late autumn, "ice is not strong," "the river is hot," but on the leaves are leaves that have not yet "faded." Lyrically begins his story Nekrasov. The "railway" discloses its content to the reader intentionally gradually.
A young son in a coachman's armchair and hisfather-general set out on the road by rail. The father asked the name of the one who built it, the name of the "builder": "Earl Peter Andreevich Kleinmichel ..." But to the dozing on the road the child dreamed about the truth about this construction, like a thriller. Only under the fear of starving to death could one decide on such a job. To live in a dug-out, to eat somehow, practically to have no rest, to suffer from cold and dampness, and at the same time exhaustingly work for 12-14 hours. Work bickered. Jude the foremen recorded the miscalculations of each. When the time came for calculation, the foremen announced the fines that are counted for each. The payment turned out very little, and often the builders even had to. Then the workers were "given" a barrel of wine, and the issue of payment was thus removed in principle. Defiant people were killed to death. Those who died of illness and exhaustion were buried there. The road, practically, was erected on the bones.
But in the memory of the people remained a memory, when incrushed by the repression of society proudly and sonorous sounded the work of Nekrasov "Railroad". The summary of it should be perceived as an attempt of the author to "see the light", overcoming the "midnight darkness" of a double reaction.
The history represented by this poem is true andtestifies to the true picture of the construction of the Nikolayevskaya railway. It was led by its undoubtedly loyal to the Nicholas I Minister of Railways, Adjutant General Kleinmikhel Peter Andreevich. The emperor was proud of his subordinates. Honoring his services, they even minted the nominal gold medal, which adorned the slogan "Diligence prevails all". His style of organization of construction was swift, but was always accompanied by many human deaths. The people fiercely hated Kleinmichel. Therefore, the new emperor Alexander II, on the throne, hastened to replace this odious figure on his post.