"Forefathers" Krylov's fables: Fox and grapes in the writings of their predecessors

fable of the fox and grapes

The plot of a fox, tempted by grapes, but sowho failed to achieve the desired, sounds in works created much earlier by Ivan Krylov's fables "Fox and Grapes". What does the fabulist tell about it? A hungry fox saw a ripe, appetizing grapes in a strange garden and tried to jump to it, but without success. After many attempts, the queen is annoyed: "In his opinion, it is good, yes green," and "immediately nabbled nabesh." The author here, unlike his other fables, does not give direct lines in which morality is contained. However, the moral message of the fable of Krylov is obvious: Fox and grapes are a man and his goal, which he sees as desirable and accessible. Failing to reach it, he is disappointed, but does not want to admit his weakness or inferiority, and then begins hypocritically depreciating the desired, referring to him disdainfully. Such is the general outline of Krylov's fable.

Fox and grapes in the works of ancient authors

In the Church Slavonic parable about the fox and grapes (itsKrylov read in the oldest Alexandrian collection "Physiologist") set forth an uncomplicated story about how a hungry fox saw ripe bunches of grapes, but could not get to them and started the berries "zelo hayati". Then comes the conclusion: there are people who, wanting something, can not get this, and that they begin to scold "their desire to tame ones". Perhaps this is not bad for complacency, but, of course, unworthy in a social sense. This is how this idea is reflected in the literary source, created long before the fable of Krylov.

Fox and grapes in the interpretation of the ancient fabulistAesop appears in the same conflict - a hungry fox and inaccessible highly hanging berries. Unable to get the grapes, the fox has recommended his immature sourness. The Greek fable, too, ends with a moralizing hint: "Who in words defies the unbearable - his behavior here must see."

fox and grapes of wings

French interpretation

The fable of the French writer La Fontaine hides inthe image of a fox "Gascon, or maybe Norman," whose eyes were lit up on a ripe, ripe grapes. The author notes that "the amateurs would be glad to regale them," but did not reach. Then he snorted contemptuously: "He's green. Let them feed every rabble! "What is the moral in the Lafontaine fable" The Fox and the Grapes "? The poet ridicules the pride and arrogance inherent in, in his opinion, the Gasconians and Normans. This instructive composition differs from the previous parables and fables of Krylov, Fox and grapes in which hint at universal flaws, rather than point to national shortcomings.

Features of Krylov's fables
fox and grape morality

No wonder contemporaries noted that IvanAndreevich was a bright director's talent. He so visibly and expressively wrote out his characters that in addition to the main purpose of the fable - the allegorical ridicule of human vices - we have live expressive characters and juicy colorful details. We can see with our own eyes how "the goblet's eyes and teeth flared up." The author bitingly and precisely defines a satirically colored situation: "at least he sees an eye, but a tooth is nemet". The Fox and the grapes are very eloquent here in the dynamic instructive scene. Krylov so generously "nourishes" his works in the spirit of oral folk art, that his fables themselves become a source of sayings and proverbs.

Something from the world of nature

It turns out that the foxes' predilection for grapes is notquite a fiction fabulists. Studies of a specialist in wildlife ecology Andrew Carter showed that, for example, fluffy predators from Australia are not averse to taste fragrant wine berries, and as soon as dusk comes, they rush into the vineyard and with pleasure eat there fruit.

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