Feelings of pride and respect for the soldiers defenders,liberators, winners in the Great War is a memorial to the "Heroic Defenders of Leningrad". Entering from the south to the northern capital along the Pulkovo or Moscow highways, the guests of the city meet one of the main sights of Russia - the Victory Square of St. Petersburg.
The ceremonial southern entrance to the city until 1962 was wornname Middle Slingshot. In the 18-19th centuries here was the second one on the way to Moscow. The road to the semi-circular square behind the metal fence was blocked by special obstacles - slingshots. Hence the outposts and got their name - Rogatki. A pillar on the road fork marked directions to Warsaw, Tsarskoe Selo, Peterhof and Moscow.
In 1945 Soviet victorious warriors passed through the wooden triumphal arch of the Victory, built on the southern entrance. And since 1962, the area of the Middle Slingshot has been renamed Victory Square.
Creation of a unique ensemble of Victory SquareThe architect S.B. Speransky. The composition is facing the defense of Leningrad and is located along the border of the battle line. In the park adjacent to the Heroes Cities Square there were bunkers of machine guns and artillery units defending the city in the siege days.
The memorial, dedicated to the heroism of the defenders of Leningrad, includes an external architectural and sculptural composition, a museum and an interior composition.
On the huge podium of the external compositionthere is a stele with a worker and a soldier at the foot and sculptures on pedestals, with figures of sailors and pilots, snipers, foundry workers, and trenches - all heroically fighting for Leningrad.
The memorial hall is located underground andilluminated by nine hundred lamps - it was exactly 900 days that the blockade of Leningrad lasted. The main exhibits of the museum are mosaic panels "Victory" and "Blockade", telling about the life of the city during the days of occupation and about the breakthrough of the siege. The names of those who did not survive the blockade of the citizens and soldiers who died in the battles for Leningrad were included in the Book of Memory of the Victory Square Museum in St. Petersburg. On the walls of the Memorial Hall are written the names of 652 participants in defensive battles, awarded the star of the Hero of the Soviet Union. Part of the museum is devoted to the exposition of military pilots.
Inside the torn ring behind the stelo on the lower platform is the sculptural composition "Blockade". Eternally burning torches symbolize the unquenchable memory of the heroic past.
For the creation of the memorial architects Speransky SB and Kamensky VA and sculptor Anikushin MK in 1978 after the opening of the museum were awarded the Lenin Prize.
One of the important sightsSt. Petersburg is not located in the city center. However, out of 5 million tourists and guests of the northern capital who visit St. Petersburg every year, almost everyone finds time to honor the memory of those killed in defensive battles. Victory Square is located in the Moscow district of the city and near it Pulkovskoe and Moscow Highway, Galstyan Street, Ordzhonikidze and Krasnoputilovskaya and Moskovsky Prospect converge. From Moscow metro station to Victory Square about 500 meters.
Traditionally, Victory Day veterans and participantsThe Patriotic War is on Victory Square. In the days of the breakthrough of the encirclement and the lifting of the blockade, the memorial is closed to visitors in connection with the visit of the square by government delegations.