Before us now is a very difficult task -in one small article to tell about the main attractions of Russia, so to speak, make an attempt to embrace the immensity. Russian lands are wide and immense, in their territories there is a huge number of big and small cities with beautiful monuments of architecture, museums, historical places. But we still try to make our story as interesting and informative as possible.
Today, any self-respecting Russianthe travel company necessarily offers its clients a variety of tours around Russia. And all because such sightseeing programs are very popular. Well, in fact, it's not all the same for Turkey and Egypt to travel, I want to see my homeland. And look, really, there is something! Here, for example, the Golden Ring of Russia: the cities that are part of it are interesting from a historical and architectural point of view. In these unique places, the marvelous, amazing imagery of ancient architecture is carefully preserved. Usually in such excursions they go by bus - both conveniently and inexpensively.
And river cruises on ships! You can go on a trip along the Volga and the Oka, the Yenisei or the Lena and on the way visit the cities that stand on their shores. Traditionally popular are excursions to St. Petersburg and Moscow-the capital. The most important sights of Russia, of course, are there. Well, let's not dwell on the general review and turn immediately to the recommendations that you need to see first.
Red Square in Moscow seeks to visit allcoming to this Russian metropolis. Even those who by fate's fate are in the capital just passing through, try to find time to walk around the ancient stones of the Red Square a little, take a picture against the background of St. Basil's Cathedral, look at the Mausoleum guard, stand near the Execution Ground, bow to the famous monument to Minin and Pozharsky, listen to the melodious and solemn battle of the chiming clock of the majestic Spassky Tower, admire the Kremlin, and maybe even run to GUM - this main universal store in the country.
Speaking about the main attractions of Russia,It is impossible to ignore this museum, because here you can find the best masterpieces of Russian painting. In the Tretyakov Gallery you can see the canvases of such great painters as Repin, Bryullov, Levitan, Vasnetsov, Vrubel, Savrasov, Kiprensky, Ivanov, Kuindzhi, Vereshchagin, Polenov, Tropinin, Fedotov, Shishkin, etc. The Tretyakov Gallery and the most extensive collection of unique Russian icons . Famous for the whole world icon Andrei Rublev "Trinity" is part of the permanent exhibition of this museum.
St. Petersburg... This pearl in the wonderful necklace of Russian cities can boast of a huge number of attractions, but since we are strictly limited to small volumes of the article, we will only talk about the Hermitage. The majestic building is located on the banks of the Neva, on one side it is adjoined by the Palace Embankment, on the other - the Palace Square with a tall (47.5 m) Alexandria column in the middle.
Until 1917, the Hermitage was the residence of Nicholas II -the tsar, whom Russia lost in the revolution. Today he is called the martyred king, and the Hermitage is considered one of the largest museums in the world. To visit all of its expositions, you need to go 20 km. The collection of this cultural center has about 3 million exhibits. Here you can personally see the beautiful paintings of Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Raphael, Rembrandt, Giotto, Vermeer, Rubens, Goya, Cezanne, Van Gogh, Renoir, Gauguin and many other brilliant artists.
Yaroslavl, Suzdal, Kostroma, Vladimir, Ivanovo,Ples, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Rostov the Great (a complete list of 20 items) is the Golden Ring of Russia. The cities that we named have an ancient historical past behind them. Let's list in brief the most famous of their sights.
Yaroslavl. Ancient and majestic city, standing on the high bank of the beautiful Volga. It was founded in 1010 by Prince Yaroslav the Wise. Here tourists are invited to visit:
Suzdal. Mentioned in the annals from 1024.The whole territory of this small town is dotted with beautiful churches and architectural ensembles. Those who are interested in the ancient Kremlin of Russia, it is necessary to visit the Suzdal Kremlin. Behind its walls is the famous Christmas Cathedral with blue domes decorated with golden stars. In Suzdal, tourists are shown:
What can you see in the ancient Volga city of Kostroma:
On the Kostroma land is the Snegurochka Residence. Lives granddaughter of Santa Claus in a wooden carved chamber and every day hospitably welcomes travelers.
The town of Ples is famous for its amazing landscapes. The beauty of this place was immortalized by the famous Levitan. In Plesa there is a museum of this painter, in which you can see the paintings of the master.
Pereslavl-Zalessky was laid in 1152 on the shores of Pleshcheyev Lake. Here you can admire:
Ivanovo is, perhaps, the only cityThe golden ring, which itself can not be anything special. But in the Ivanovo region there is a beautiful village Palekh - it is there that amazing lacquer miniatures are created.
Rostov the Great is a city that looks like a museum. Its sights:
What can you see in Vladimir:
Under Vladimir, in the village of Bogolyubovo, there is a miracle of ancient Russian architecture - the Church of the Intercession on the Nerl.
And how to go round the Golden Ring of Russia?Cities that are included in this route, tourists usually visit on buses, and if privately, then on cars. To the settlements on the bank of the Volga (Kostroma, Yaroslavl, Ples, Rybinsk), you can get by river transport.
If we talk about the Kremlin of Russia, then one of the mostlarge and well-preserved is located on the territory of Nizhny Novgorod. Its two-kilometer thick walls, decorated with thirteen towers, majestically tower above the Volga. In Nizhny Novgorod there are many interesting things:
Excursions around Russia also run through the territories ofnorthern lands. These are amazing ancient lands, to which the Tatar-Mongol yoke has not reached, ruining many cities of central Russia. In these places there are numerous unique historical monuments, ancient rites and traditions, ancient legends and epics. Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Kargopol, Veliky Ustyug, Kirillov, Petrozavodsk, Solvychegodsk are all northern Russia. Today, tourist routes in these places offer a visit to the Kizhi Museum-Reserve. It is located on the islands of Lake Onega in Karelia. Its main attraction is the wooden Church of the Transfiguration. It is adorned with 22 chapters. Today Kizhi is a state reserve. This complex is under the protection of UNESCO.
In the main sights of Russia weincluded and Lake Baikal - the deepest in the world, famous for its crystal clear water. The depth of this reservoir (average) is 730 meters, and the maximum is 1637 meters, the area of the lake is 31,722 square kilometers, the age is 20-30 million years. Baikal is a world heritage.
Now the Crimean peninsula is also included in the sights of Russia. The list of the most interesting places, in terms of tourism, we publish below:
In this part of the article we will talk about excursions toRussia, which can offer tourists a warm and sunny Krasnodar region. In summer, it is clear that many citizens want to go on vacation to the gentle sea. Active and curious people are not limited to lying on the beach, they go to see different sights. Here is the list of the most interesting:
We told you about the sights of Russia, the list of which can be continued indefinitely. We wish you a pleasant journey, many new impressions and a good rest!