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Siberian city. Cities of Siberia

Siberia is a region located in the northeastparts of Eurasia. According to the data of 2002, more than 13 million people live on its territory. Below you will find information about the most remarkable Siberian cities. Briefly described the administrative center of the East Siberian region - the city of Irkutsk. And also about Novosibirsk, Tyumen, Tomsk, Norilsk.

Siberian cities

Irkutsk

This city is the sixth largestother Siberian. More than 600 thousand people live in Irkutsk. The city was founded in 1661 as a prison. Half a century later, I was badly affected by the fire, which was repeated in 1879, after which it took more than ten years to recover. Until 1917, Irkutsk was a merchant city that flourished in Russian-Chinese trade.

Novosibirsk

By population, this Siberian citytakes the third place in Russia. The area is the thirteenth. When did this Siberian city come into being? The foundation of the Nikolsky churchyard, later called Krivoschekovo, can be considered the beginning of the history of Novosibirsk.

At the end of the XIX century there lived no more than 700human. Krivoshchekovtsy began to leave these places after it became known about the construction of the Great Siberian Way. This area was notorious. The thing is that nearby there was a village in which aborigines lived, causing fear and dislike among the inhabitants of nearby settlements. Nevertheless, in May 1893, workers arrived here to build a new village. This year is officially considered the year of the founding of Novosibirsk.

The largest Siberian city in fifty yearsincreased its population from 75,000 to 1.1 million. Now there live about 1.6 million people, and this figure continues to grow. It's all about the successful location of the railway line, laid once through a small Novo-Nikolaevsk - the future Novosibirsk.

Tyumen

This is the oldest Siberian city. For the first time the name "Tyumen" is mentioned in the chronicle of 1406. The construction of the Tyumen jail, which can be considered the foundation of the future city, was started in 1586, not far from Chingi-Tura, by the decree of Tsar Fedor Ivanovich. Tyumen is the best Siberian city in terms of living standards.

cities of the Siberian region

Omsk

This Siberian city has manyattractions. For example, streets, more precisely, their names. It is probably not easy to be guided here by a visiting person. The number of streets with the name "Northern" here reaches 37. Omsk occupies the first place in this indicator. In addition, the Siberian city is in the lead in the number of Workers' streets, which are 34. Mariyanovsky - 23. Amur streets in Omsk 21. Eastern - 11.

In the city there are streets 1-st Departure and 3-rd Departure. Where is the second? Unknown. And there is the First Departure from the Third at a distance of several kilometers. And finally, РВ-39 is a street that reaches 120 meters in length, but has only one structure.

foundation of Siberian cities

Tomsk

This is the largest scientific city among Siberian citiesand an educational center. Here there are nine universities, fifteen research institutes. In addition, in Tomsk, many monuments of stone and wooden architecture, the first of which were created in the XV century. In this Siberian city lives more than 550 thousand people. It was founded in 1604.

It is worth saying a few words about Norilsk. This is the most northern city in the world. There are about 177 thousand inhabitants in it. Norilsk has an ugly title of the dirtiest Siberian city. For a year, about 2 tons of harmful substances enter the air here. All because of the company "Norilsk Nickel", in which they extract almost half of the Mendeleev table. Harmful substances in Norilsk air are contained in an amount that exceeds the permissible standards by hundreds of times.

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