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The Gulf Stream airplane: history, characteristics

Aircraft "Gulf Stream" are jet models,They were created specially for business class flights. Their capacity is up to nineteen people. They are produced by the American company Gulf Stream Aerospace Corporation.

Development of the company

A company appeared in the late fifties of the pastcentury. It is connected with the production of the first business-class aircraft, which was produced by Grumman, which produces military aircraft. This model is called Grumman Gulfstream I (or Gulfstream-1). This turboprop aircraft could carry twelve passengers, flew at a speed of 563 km / h at an altitude of 7.6 km. The fuel in the tank was enough to fly a distance of three and a half thousand kilometers.

Gulf Stream airplane

In 1966, the production of civil aircraftThe appointment was moved to a separate branch of the company, which was located in Savannah. By the end of the seventies, 356 aircraft had been produced. At that time, a branch in Savannah was sold to American Jet Industries, after which the company was renamed the American Gulf Stream.

In 1979, a new model of the company appeared - the Gulf Stream III airplane. It was the first plane that flew across two poles of the earth.

In 1982, the company received its currentname. In the same year, manufacturers began developing a new model of "Gulfstream-4." The sale of the previous model continued, the number of aircraft sold by 1987 was two hundred. By the end of the eighties, sales of fourth-generation aircraft began. The Gulfstream-4 aircraft featured multi-tasking screens that were installed in place of the usual flight instruments.

Gulfstream G650

The company was developing rapidly. Already in 1995, the GV appeared, which was able to fly over long distances. Simultaneously, a model GIV-SP was developed.

By the early 2000s, the company produced the following models: Gulf Stream-4, Gulfstream-5, Gulfstream G100, Gulfstream G200, Gulfstream G300 and Gulfstream G550.

Modern aircraft "Gulf Stream": characteristics

Currently, the company's products include the following models: G150, G280, G450, G500, G550, G600, G650, G650ER. Their main characteristics are presented in the table below:

Model

G150

G280

G450

G500

G550

G600

G650

G650ER

Length of aircraft, meters

17.3

20.37

27.23

23.39

30.41

Wing size, meters

16.94

19.20

23.72

28.5

30.36

Aircraft height, meters

5.82

6.5

7.67

7.87

7.82

Height of salon, meters

1.75

1.91

1.88

1.93

1.88

1.93

1.96

1.96

Width of salon, meters

1.75

2.18

2.24

2.41

2.24

2.41

2.59

2.59

Number of passengers, people

8

10

19

19

19

19

19

19

Range of flight, kilometers

5556

6667

8056

9260

12501

11482

12964

13890

Maximum speed, km / h

850

893

904

926

956

Take-off distance, meters

1524

1448

1707

1801

1786

Separately worth noting is the airplane "Gulfstream-650", which is distinguished by comfort, safety and functionality. Its parameters fully comply with the requirements of the business class of our time.

Development of aircraft

Gulfstream G650 - jet aircraft with twoengines. Develop it began in 2005. And only after three years was officially announced its production. Manufacturers argued that it should be the fastest and most comfortable in the entire Gulfstream lineup. The aircraft, whose price is about 65-75 million dollars, received the prestigious Robert J. Collier Trophy. It happened in 2014.

Gulfstream-650 airplane

The audience was able to evaluate all the advantages of the model inSeptember 2009. Two months later, the first flight was made. By May of the next year, flight tests were completed. During the subsequent tests (in 2011), the test model broke. This led to the prohibition of further research. But a year later the model received permission to continue testing tests. In September 2012, the Gulf Stream-G650 received a certificate issued by the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States of America.

By the end of 2012, this model aircraftreceived the first buyer. Despite the high cost, the queue for them was painted for three years ahead. Especially enterprising businessmen resold their planes at a higher cost.

Technical specifications G650

This aircraft has a record rangeflights - 12964 kilometers. Without refueling, it is able to fly between cities such as Rio de Janeiro, Moscow, New York and Dubai. Its maximum speed is 977 kilometers per hour. This makes it the fastest aircraft owned by civil aviation.

It is equipped with a powerful power unit BR725 fromthe Rolls-Royce company and the reversal system with high efficiency. Due to aerodynamics of the wing, optimized for all parameters, the aircraft has high take-off and landing characteristics. Even at high temperatures and under high altitude conditions.

The maximum height that a plane can climb is 1.5 kilometers.

Salon

The Gulf Stream-G650 aircraft has a largerdimensions of the cabin, rather than its predecessors. The width of the cabin is 2.5 m, the length from the driver's cab to the luggage compartment is 13 m, the height is 1.92 m. In cross-section the plane looks more like an oval than a circle. This increases the space at the level of the hands (shoulders). Sixteen wide-oval portholes increased by 16 percent in area.

Gulfstream airplanes

Several interior options have been developed.As a rule, the front part of the cabin is reserved for the crew rooms. Here there is a kitchen block, a toilet, a place for rest. There is a wide armchair (0.6 m), which is laid out and can become a full bed. Also a folding table, a screen.

Kitchen on one side is equipped as a working area with a sink, microwave, refrigerator, convection oven, cupboards for dishes, and so on.

Then follows the zone for passengers.Armchairs, located opposite each other, are laid out in the sleeper. The tables are decomposed by pressing the button. In the second third of the zone there is a "conference", which is equipped with a chest of drawers and office equipment. In the third part there is a three-seater sofa with armchairs. The complete set of the salon allows you to comfortably accommodate at night six people.

Closer to the tail of the aircraft is the luggage compartment and toilet.

Model G650ER

In 2014, manufacturers announced the development ofmodifications Gulfstream G650ER. From its predecessor, this aircraft was distinguished by a greater flight range. It is able to fly without stopping 13,789 kilometers.

In September 2014 this modification received a certificate of suitability. Deliveries began already towards the end of the year.

The Gulf Stream-G650ER aircraft has won severalworld records on speed. In February 2015, he managed to fly over the entire globe on the route New York - Beijing - Savannah. For this he only needed one stop. In the summer of 2016, he became the first private aircraft flying across the North Pole. The duration of the flight was 12 hours and 8 minutes.

Aircraft "Gulf Stream" are distinguished by quality, comfort and safety.

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