Samarkand, which is the second largest cityUzbekistan, is the richest treasury of Oriental culture. Despite the fact that the appearance of modern Samarkand in many ways resembles a developed European center, it has immortalized unique historical and architectural sights awarded with the right to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Variety of interesting places, extraordinarythe colorful atmosphere that reigns in the Old Town area, as well as the riot of colors of the local landscape and exteriors, attracts to this Eden of the East a lot of tourists and travelers who dream of seeing the famous sights of Samarkand. A full description of tourist destinations includes more than 20 cultural monuments, architectural ensembles and objects of significant historical value.
The literal translation of the name of the Gur-Emir Mausoleumsounds like the "tomb of the king." According to its purpose, Gur-Emir is a magnificent burial vault for all men from the Timurid dynasty. The erection of the mausoleum continued for a long time.
Scientists refer this building to the period of XIV-XVcenturies. It is known for sure that the complex was initially created for Sultan Muhammad, the grandson of the famous Tamerlane. Most travelers who visited the mausoleum and left a comment about the sights of Samarkand Gur-Emir, first of all note the unprecedented beauty of the Blue Dome of the tomb and its exquisite interior decoration. This fact is really true, since the interior of the tomb of El-Emir has no analogues throughout the world.
Among all the facilities comprisingsights of Samarkand, the observatory of Ulugbek is considered one of the most interesting and popular among tourists. It was built in the 11th century on the Chupan-Ata hill for Ulugbek, the grandson of Tamerlane. For hours he watched the heavenly stars, he compiled an incredibly accurate for his time catalog, numbering 1118 stars.
Archaeologists were able to discover the underground part of the sextant and the foundation of a three-storey observatory. Tourists who visited these sites are delighted with the greatness of the structure.
This is another cult place that is famous for.Samarkand. The description of the sights would not be complete without mentioning the legend that exists in these parts, according to which the hero of the folk epic, King Afrasiab, erected on the banks of the Siab River the beautiful capital of Sogdiana.
The settlement is located away from modern Samarkand. To get to Afrasiab, you need to take a course to the north-east of the city to the spurs of Chupon-ata.
From the middle of the XX century to the presentthere are constant archaeological and scientific works here. However, despite excavations, these objects can be viewed by tourists as part of the excursion program covering this and other sights of Samarkand. People who have already visited these places say that they have left an unforgettable impression.
This is a unique place, uniting followersthe three largest world religions - Christianity, Islam and Judaism. There is a unique burial in the northern part of the ancient settlement Afrasiab. Served at the court of King Nebuchadnezzar, the descendant of King Solomon Daniel was born in Jerusalem in the 6th century BC. He possessed the gift of clairvoyance and was a very revered man in his own country.
Today, a grave on the banks of the Siab River, whereresting holy Daniel (Hoxha Daniyar - for adherents of Islam or the prophet Daniel - for the supporters of Judaism), is the place of worship of Muslims, Christians and Jews of the whole world.
Rukhabad Mausoleum, like all the sightsSamarkand, is distinguished by original decoration and originality. It is one of the earliest structures of Samarkand, erected in the late 14th century. In those days the mausoleum of Ruhabad was connected to the tomb of Amir Temur with a thick shady alley and a road made of marble slabs between them.
The mosque built in 1823 Khazrat Khizris located on a small hill in front of the mausoleum of Kusam ibn Abbas, with which the mosque in ancient times was connected by road and constituted a single spiritual complex.
Architecturally, the mosque is of great value due to the fact that it is a classical embodiment of the ayvan style, which is very typical for the East of the XIX century.
Maturidi, or rather Abu Mansour al-Maturidi, was one of the founders of the theoretical ideas of the Islamic religion, who created the doctrine of the philosophy of Islam, "Maturidiya."
The place of worship of this iconic Muslim personality is in the old part of the city of Samarkand and is available for visiting pilgrims and tourists.
This memorial complex is well represented by the sights that represent Samarkand, reviews of which are always full of enthusiastic and capacious epithets.
The Imam al-Bukhari Memorial is located in the twelvekilometers from the city in the town of Horteng and is a very revered Muslim shrine. Here lies the ashes of Imam Muhammad ibn Ismail Abu Abdallah al-Bukhari, a well-known theologian, scholar and author of the collection Al-Jomi al Sahih, which is the second most important book for Muslims after the Koran.
This is the most ancient and large-scale oriental bazaarSamarkand, located near the Bibi-Khanym mosque in a spacious city square. It has been here since time immemorial. The tourists who visited there say that the bazaar is still pleased by the noisy crowd, the abundance of local vegetables, fruits and sweets.
Travelers are very fond of visiting the Siabbazaar, as the sights of Samarkand include not only architectural and religious objects, but also such an outstanding and perfectly characterizing way of life and customs of local residents as the eastern market.
Starting from Registan SquareTashkent street is the oldest street in Samarkand. From the earliest times it was the center of the city, an important caravan road and a street of masters. It was used as a trading cart that brought goods from the Ferghana Valley, the Tashkent Oasis and even China, which made it the main center of trade in the city.
Until now, the Chorsu passage, erected in the eighteenth century, is preserved, located near the walls of the Sher-Dor madrasah at the very beginning of the street of the masters.
Stretched for almost a kilometerBoulevard is located in the center of Samarkand. It is surrounded by greenery and is one of the most popular places for walking with locals and tourists. Particularly it is loved by students of the Samarkand State University, located in one of the old buildings of this famous street.
No less cultural and tourist valueThey also present such sights of Samarkand as Till-Kori Madrassah, Bibi-Khanum Mosque, Ali Nasafi Mausoleum, Sherdor Madrassah, Shakhi Zinda necropolis, Kuchkunji Khan Mosque and many others. Reviews about them enthusiastic. People who have seen all this with their own eyes, advise everyone to personally personally admire this magnificence.