Managerial psychology is a spherepsychological science, which studies the psychological patterns in managerial work. It is the structure, features and specificity of management activity, ways of using psychological aspects to solve various tasks of the manager. Every day the manager faces a variety of tasks, tasks, problems. It is quite easy to get confused in this whirlpool, and difficulties, as is known, are often awaited at the most inopportune moment, and one must constantly be ready to solve them.
It is noteworthy that in the occurrence of non-standardsituations and unforeseen circumstances there is absolutely no system, however, if you set yourself the goal, you can develop an algorithm of actions for the case when something goes wrong. Indirectly, this includes the drawing up of a work plan, maintenance in the order of all current affairs, so that, in an undesirable situation, there are no hiccups that could be foreseen and prevented.
The complexity of the manager's work, by and large,is that he constantly needs to order and systematize the moments and actions that are necessary for the successful operation of the company. The manager understands that every day he must make a lot of decisions, and they should be true. Psychologically, this is very difficult.
Managerial psychology teaches us to master our ownactivity, to realize oneself as a part of it. Each person's activity consists of small components, and they need to be known in perfection, including their psychological structure. A leader who is well acquainted with the main components of the psychological structure of activity has several advantages. For example, he sees the main thing that needs to be done to achieve one or another goal. He also knows how close the goal is and how much is left until the time when it is achieved. An experienced manager can correct the course of the solution of the problem and get the desired result by the most profitable way for the company and the company.
The psychology of making management decisions involves the following components:
Managerial psychology teaches us to create conditions for subordinating the main components of the manager's activities. Such conditions can be expressed in the form of requirements for managerial skills.
Control - this is perhaps the main point, which requires management psychology. And it is necessary to control both the work of all employees and their own activities.
Purpose - understanding of the psychologicalthe weight of goals, the ability to clearly articulate and correctly communicate the upcoming goals to employees, the ability to effectively plan their activities and implement this useful skill in the enterprise.
Motivation - ideally you need to know the nature and characteristics of your subordinates, be aware of their lives, to determine what is interesting to everyone and what can draw a group of workers.
Statement of the problem - you need to know what you needfor fruitful work, which may be needed in the future and how much the tasks performed earlier have helped. It is also necessary to determine the stages of the work and their time frames, to know how the achieved goal is coordinated with other possible ones, how it will fit into the work of the firm.
Delegation involves transferring some of the authority to the leaders in the field, but not all of the powers can be entrusted to others.
Thus, the activities of the manager require a broad base of knowledge and skills and their continuous improvement.